Written for Software V1.4 (Public Beta)
Updated: May 25, 2017
Congratulations! You are now the proud owner of the new VarioUltra, the smart braille display from BAUM Retec in Germany. The purpose of this user guide is to introduce you to the main functions of the device, with several step-by-step examples that you can follow along with on your VarioUltra. These steps in turn will help you gain experience with your new device.
If you are an experienced user of VarioUltra, we have added “** New ** with v1.4” to the beginning of sections that are changed or truly new with software v1.4.
- VarioUltra is shipped with the Device Lock switch in the locked position. On the left side of VarioUltra, slide this switch away from you to unlock the device. It’s the switch closest to the front left corner of VarioUltra.
- In the USA, VarioUltra ships by default with US English Contracted Braille (grade 2) selected. It's possible to toggle between this and US English Computer Braille. Refer to section 3.4 of this manual for additional details.
- We encourage you to read chapter 1 this manual in its entirety, especially if you’re new to refreshable braille displays and braille notetakers. This will help familiarize yourself with VarioUltra, the keyboard and button layout, and the command structure.
- Information on pairing via Bluetooth can be found in section 2.3.
- For lists of VarioUltra commands, and commands that you can use when working with VoiceOver, JAWS, and other screen readers, please refer to chapter 14.
- Please keep the original packaging materials. You never know when you’ll need them, and if VarioUltra does need to be shipped anywhere, it will help ensure the device is not damaged in transit.
Still need help?
- In the USA, call (855) 620-7985, or email email@example.com.
- In the UK, call (0800) 043-3199, or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
- For all other countries, please contact BAUM in Germany, email@example.com
Please have your product serial number available to provide to the support specialist. A braille label with your serial number can be found underneath VarioUltra; you will need to remove VarioUltra from the carrying case to read it. Alternatively, go to Help > About inside the main menu in Braille Notetaker mode.
Context Sensitive Help is provided in Braille Notetaker mode. Use command B9+B2B6 to open the Context Sensitive Help. Use the D2 and D5 buttons to navigate through the help messages. Confirm with OK to exit.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 What’s in the Box?
VarioUltra is shipped inside 2 cardboard boxes to help protect it during transit. We recommend you keep these in case VarioUltra ever needs to be sent to us for service.
The contents of the box include:
1) A braille Quick Reference Guide
2) A braille Product Registration Card. Customers in the USA can also register online at http://www.baumusa.com/support/product-registration/
3) A VarioUltra braille display; it can be found inside additional protective packaging.
4) A carrying case and strap. They’re contained inside a plastic bag. The strap connects to the strap anchor clips that are already added to VarioUltra
5) A USB to micro USB cable, and a square USB plug. The USB plug has the US-style prongs folded into the square. Unfold them to plug into a power outlet.
6) A small box with a variety of international plug adaptors. Unless you’re using VarioUltra outside of the USA, there should be no need to worry about these adaptors.
Although the VarioUltra battery is charged during the production process, the battery may not be at 100% charge by the time it reaches you. You can charge it at any time by connecting the micro USB end of the cable into the micro USB port on the left side of VarioUltra, and plug the other end—the USB plug—into an electrical outlet. When VarioUltra is connected to a power source, braille cells will fill to indicate how fully charged the battery is. For example, if your device is 50% charged, you can expect to find all the dots raised on cells on the left half of the display. When fully charged, all dots on all cells will be showing.
We recommend using the carrying case when traveling with VarioUltra. While the device is very durable, it is still an electronic device. Take care to avoid dropping VarioUltra, or exposing it to liquid, as damage is not covered under warranty.
VarioUltra includes a braille keyboard, a braille line with cursor routing buttons, and a variety of other buttons and switches.
A BAUM braille keyboard is ergonomic by design. The 8 braille keys are laid out in a slightly curved fashion. If you hold your hands parallel with each other, you may miss dots 1 and 4 which sit more forward than the other keys. Move the palms of your hands in the direction of the front corners of VarioUltra and your fingers should naturally align with the button layout. Braille keys are referred to throughout this manual as B1, B2, etc., all the way to B8.
Depending on the VarioUltra model you own, it will have either 20 or 40 braille cells, and an equal number of cursor routing buttons that can be found directly above each cell. Use cursor routing buttons to move the cursor within a document, or to select options inside menus.
Display Buttons. There are 6 display buttons in all, 3 on each side of the braille line. These buttons are used to navigate around a document as you read. These buttons are also used to command and control certain devices such as an iPhone or iPad. Display buttons are referred to as D1, D2, etc. D1, D2, and D3 are on the left side of the device, while D4, D5, and D6 are on the right.
Thumb Keys are located below the braille line, along the front, angled edge of VarioUltra. They are an inch wide by half an inch tall. In braille display mode, both buttons function as a space bar. In braille notetaker mode, the one on the left is used as a command key; the one on the right is space. The thumb keys are referred to as B9 and B0 throughout this document.
The Navistick is a 5-way joystick, located between the two thumb keys. Use Navistick to move left, right, up, or down by tapping the edge of the button in the desired direction. Pressing in on the middle part of the Navistick selects and/or confirms options within the menu structure of VarioUltra. The Navistick can also be used to move through a document, or to move through menus.
System Keys are small, circular buttons located along the front edge of VarioUltra. You will find S1 and S2 to the left of the left thumb key, and S3 and S4 to the right of the right thumb key. When in Braille Notetaker mode, a long press of S3 always takes you back to the main menu. A short press of S3 inside applications will open or close the Command Menu.
There are two USB ports on the left edge of VarioUltra. The standard USB port is for use with a standard USB stick. The smaller, micro USB port is used to connect to power, or to connect to a Windows or Mac computer.
There are two slider switches on the left side of VarioUltra: one is the Device Mode switch; the other is the Lock Switch. The one next to the micro USB port is the Device Mode switch. When facing toward the back of VarioUltra, you will be in Braille Notetaker mode. When facing toward the front, you will be in Braille Display mode. The Lock Switch is closest to the front. When facing away from you, VarioUltra is unlocked. When facing toward you, VarioUltra is locked. When locked, no buttons work, including the power button.
The power button can be found on the right side of VarioUltra. When switched off, a short press of the power button starts VarioUltra. Once on, a short press of the power button puts VarioUltra into Suspend mode. A short press wakes it up again, and so on.
If you hold the power button for 15-20 seconds, VarioUltra will reboot. To shut down VarioUltra completely, hold down the S4 key, press and release the power button, and immediately release S4. VarioUltra will vibrate and shut down.
Your VarioUltra should arrive with the lock switch in the locked position. Slide this switch to the unlocked position, and press and release the power button. From a cold start, VarioUltra boots up in about 45 seconds.
During the boot up process, you will witness a progress bar of dots 7 and 8, followed by a flashing cursor at cell position 1, and the name “VarioUltra 20” or “VarioUltra 40” displayed beside it. When this message disappears, your device is ready to use. If your device is in Braille Notetaker mode, you will be at the top of the main menu, which means Word Processor is displayed. If your device is in Braille Display mode, you will probably see USB displayed for a few seconds, and then the display goes blank until you choose to connect to something.
Note that if VarioUltra was previously in suspend mode, a short tap of the power button wakes up the device in a couple of seconds. It just wakes up where you left off. Note too that VarioUltra will switch off after 10 minutes of inactivity. It’s possible to lengthen this time default, or switch it off completely so that your device only switches off when you press the power button. Suspend mode will not happen if you are actively connected to a USB or Bluetooth device.
To turn VarioUltra off completely, press and hold system key S4 and then tap and release the power button. VarioUltra will vibrate and power off. If VarioUltra is connected to a power supply or connected to a computer via USB, the braille display will show a row of braille cells with all dots showing on each cell, indicating the charge level of the battery. If VarioUltra is not connected to anything, the braille display will be blank when switched off completely. Switching VarioUltra off completely is recommended during extended periods when it will not be used. This will help preserve battery life over longer periods of time.
VarioUltra has an internal Lithium ion battery that is charged via the micro USB to standard type A USB cable. The micro USB end of the cable that inserts into VarioUltra has a connector that is longer on one side than the other. The longer edge needs to be on top to fit in VarioUltra; a helpful way to know when the longer edge is facing up is to feel for 2 small bumps on toward the outer edges. If the bumpy side is facing up, you have the cable facing the right way. Connect the other end of the cable into a USB plug, into the USB port of a computer, or to a USB power adaptor (800 - 2000 mA, 5 V).
Charging VarioUltra takes approximately 2.5 hours when plugged directly to an electrical outlet. Connecting via USB to devices such as a computer takes more time – as much as two times longer.
The battery should last between 8 and 12 hours depending on whether you are connected to Bluetooth devices, etc. Running in Braille Notetaker mode with Bluetooth switched off will last the longest. Conversely, running in Braille Display mode while actively connected via Bluetooth to other devices will last the least amount of time.
If the battery drains completely, connect VarioUltra to an external power source using the USB plug and USB cable that came with your device.
Whenever the battery drains completely, connecting VarioUltra to a power source will not immediately bring it back to life. Please wait a few minutes for VarioUltra to attain a minimum amount of power. If you notice the cells fill up with all dots showing in each cell, you will need at least 5 cells to be filled before switching on VarioUltra.
You can check the battery level of VarioUltra in both Braille Notetaker and Braille Display modes. In Braille Notetaker mode, give two short taps of system key S3. If you’re in Braille Display mode, press and hold S2 and then tap the left thumb key, B9.
Trying to remember all the shortcut commands on day 1 is probably not a practical idea. The good news is that while you’re learning what the Braille Notetaker can do, you can achieve virtually all things by using the menus.
1) A long press of the S3 button will always take you back to the last position in the main menu.
2) When inside an application, a short press of the S3 button will open the Command Menu in much the same way that the ALT key opens menus on Windows, or CTRL Function F2 opens them on a Mac.
3) When inside the Command Menu of a VarioUltra application, a short press of the S3 button exits back to the application.
4) In the case of many other braille notetakers, commands are typically achieved by pressing the space bar with a braille character. This is commonly referred to as a chord command. Chord C means you press the space with dots 1 and 3 on the braille keyboard.
5) VarioUltra provides commands to do virtually anything from any location inside the device. To achieve this, you will typically use braille keys B7 and/or B8 along with the chord command. To copy something in VarioUltra, you press the left thumb key B9 with dots 1, 3, and 8. If you haven’t typed with your pinky fingers in a while this may feel strange at first, but once mastered, it will feel like second nature.
When you’re in the main menu of the Braille Notetaker mode, you’re in a vertical list of applications.
1. Word Processor: the hotkey is ‘w’; the global command is w+B789.
2. PDF Viewer: the hotkey is ‘p’; the global command is y+B789.
3. Excel Viewer: the hotkey is ‘x’; the global command is x+B789.
4. Calculator: the hotkey is ‘c’; the global command c+B789.
5. Timers: the hotkey is ‘t’; the global command is t+B789.
6. File Manager: the hotkey is ‘f’; the global command f+B789.
7. Settings: the hotkey is ‘s’; the global command is s+B789.
8. Help: the hotkey is ‘h’; the global command is h+B789.
Hotkey: if you’re within the main menu, typing the hotkey letter on its own will open the application.
Global Command: enter these commands from anywhere in Braille Notetaker, to open the application.
From the factory, main menu items will have the letters ‘MI’ displayed at the beginning of the line. The element ‘MI’ stands for Menu Item. Elements like this can be hidden, saving you some space. You can scroll up and down in the menus using either the display buttons D1 and D3, or by tapping the top or bottom edge of the Navistick. When the menu displays the name of the application you want to use, you can open it in one of three ways. Press the left thumb key B9 one time, press any cursor routing button, or press in on the middle of the Navistick.
Within the pages of this manual, shortcut commands are written in one of two ways. By way of example, if the command requires you to press the left thumb key B9 with braille keys B2 and B3, the command will be written as B9+B2B3. In cases where a letter or punctuation symbol is used, the command will be written as c+B8B9 as in the case of the global command for copy.
Global shortcut commands are also displayed after the name of an application or menu item. Like all other elements, these commands can also be hidden. Refer to
Display Settings > Templates
Braille elements are those things that appear on the display when in Braille Notetaker mode. Examples include: MI, LI, CB, CHK, and EB. You can find more details in section 10.3 Display Settings.
1) MI: this element means you are on a menu item. Menu items are displayed vertically, which means you navigate up and down to move from one item to another. In most cases, you can select by entering the corresponding hotkey or shortcut command, by pressing the left thumb key B9, or by pressing in on the Navistick. Using the assigned shortcut command selects the item without the need to open the menu.
2) LI: this element means you are on a list item. List items are displayed horizontally, which means you navigate left and right to move from one item to another, and the selected item is presented. Entering the first letter of an item takes you directly to that item in the list.
3) CB: The Control Button item refers to words such as OK, Cancel, Yes, and No. These words typically appear in message dialogs. You confirm your choice by pressing a cursor routing button above the word in question or by pressing the left thumb key B9.
4) CHK: This element refers to a checkbox. You can check and uncheck checkboxes by navigating to the right with the Navistick, by pressing a cursor routing button above the checkbox, or by tapping the right thumb key B0.
5) EB: This element refers to an edit box, into which text can be entered. You will encounter edit boxes in those instances where a value needs to be entered.
Throughout the Braille Notetaker menu structure of VarioUltra you will find references to things you should or could confirm. Common examples include confirming with OK to exit a dialog, or confirming with YES or NO. In these cases, the word or words in question will be present on the braille display, or accessible by scrolling down or up with the Navistick to find them. When you find them, you can confirm with B9, pressing in on the Navistick, or selecting a cursor routing button above any part of a word. You will find an example below in the next section, Help & Context Sensitive Help, where you are instructed to “scroll down and confirm with OK to exit” to leave the help dialog.
VarioUltra has two Help features.
To get general information about VarioUltra or to access this User Guide, enter command h+B7B8B9. This opens the Help menu, which contains a menu item to open the user guide and a menu item to open the dialog “About VarioUltra”. You can use display keys D2 and D5 within the About VarioUltra dialog to navigate through the information that is presented there. Scroll down and confirm with OK to exit.
In virtually every other area of the product, entering command B9+B2B6 will display context sensitive help for the menu item, application, or dialog box that you are interested in learning more about. Use display keys D2 and D5 to navigate through the context sensitive help messages. Scroll down and confirm with OK to exit.
time to time, new VarioUltra software updates will become available for
download from the BAUM USA web site, http://www.baumusa.com/support/varioultra-update/.
Update files are provided in the form of a zip archive file.
1) Do not unzip the update or upgrade file. Doing so could cause the update or upgrade process to fail.
2) If you use the Safari web browser on a Mac computer and plan to use it to download the update file, be sure and first uncheck the box for ‘Open “safe” files after downloading’. If the box is left checked, the update file will be automatically unzipped after downloading and will not work with VarioUltra.
3) From within Safari, go to Preferences > General, and uncheck the box for this feature until after the VarioUltra update zip file has been downloaded.
4) In the unlikely event that you own a VarioUltra that is running software version 1.0, please do not attempt to update VarioUltra without first contacting BAUM USA technical support. The update process is different for v1.0 than it is for newer software versions.
5) If your VarioUltra is running software version 1.1 or newer, there are two approaches to copying the file to VarioUltra. The first is by connecting via USB to a Windows computer; the second is with a USB stick. Instructions for both options follow in sections 1.11.1 and 1.11.2.
** New ** with v1.4:
Some aspects of the update process have changed.
The traditional approach is to copy the update zip archive file to the Flashdisk storage of VarioUltra, and then with the unit connected to power, press D3D6B7B8 simultaneously to start the update.
When you choose to update the traditional way, all individual settings such as Bluetooth pairing and channel assignments are erased. Profiles for the default US English Contracted Braille and the newly supported UEB are installed.
As a new alternative, if update via menu Settings > System > Software Update, your user settings and Bluetooth pairing information remain.
To benefit from the new UEB and US English Contracted Braille profiles, you must do the following after installation:
Go to menu Settings > System > Reset Device, and check the checkbox (CHK) "Reset User Settings to Default", then select CONFIRM to reset and restart the device.
This section provides instructions for copying the update or upgrade file to VarioUltra via a USB connection with a Windows PC.
1) Download the update zip file to your Windows PC. Locate the downloaded file and copy it to the clipboard with the copy command you are most comfortable with.
2) Use the BAUM-supplied USB cable to connect VarioUltra to your PC. VarioUltra will be recognized as a Portable Device; in most cases, it will appear under your computer in Windows Explorer as a portable device called “VarioUltra”.
3) Navigate to VarioUltra in Windows Explorer and enter it to find VarioUltra Storage; this is the location where you can paste or otherwise copy the zip update or upgrade file to.
4) Once the zip file has been copied to VarioUltra, you are ready to start the update process.
5) VarioUltra must be connected to a power source during the update process, so either leave it connected via USB to your PC, or connect it to another power source.
6) Start the upgrade process by simultaneously pressing braille keys B7 and B8, and display buttons D3 and D6. The update process will commence. First a row of dots 7 and 8, then a group of 5 braille characters that move from left to right, and then finally VarioUltra will restart and be ready to use.
This section provides instructions for copying a VarioUltra update or upgrade file to VarioUltra via USB Stick, and then performing the update process.
1. If you use a Windows computer, download the update zip file to your Windows PC. Locate the downloaded file and copy it to a USB stick. While it’s not mandatory, copying the update or upgrade file to a blank USB stick may make it easier later in this process.
2. If you use a Mac computer and use the Safari web browser, be sure and first uncheck the box for ‘Open “safe” files after downloading’. If the box is left checked, the update file will be automatically unzipped after downloading and will not work with VarioUltra.
3. From within Safari, go to Preferences > General, and uncheck the box for this feature until after the VarioUltra update zip file has been downloaded.
4. Locate the downloaded file and copy it to a USB stick.
5. With your VarioUltra switched on and in Braille Notetaker mode, connect the USB stick that contains the update or upgrade file.
6. Open the File Manager application from within the Main Menu.
7. Use the Navistick to navigate down to the entry called “Stick”. This is the USB stick that you inserted a moment ago.
8. Navistick right to open the stick and search for the VarioUltra update file. Once you find the file, highlight it by pressing the right thumb key, B0. You will know the file is highlighted because dot 8 will be added to each character of the file name.
9. With the file name highlighted, copy it using global command B9 + C + B8 (B9 + B1B4B8), or use the copy command inside the Edit menu. The braille display will announce that one item is prepared.
10. Now Navistick left to exit the stick, and then navigate back up to Flashdisk.
11. With Flashdisk displayed, navigate right to enter the Flashdisk. This is the root folder where the file needs to be copied to.
12. Paste the update or upgrade file to this location using global command B9 + V + B8 (B9 + B12368), or use the paste command inside the Edit menu. The first cell on the braille display will flash during this time.
13. Once the file is pasted to the Flashdisk, VarioUltra is ready to be updated. Since VarioUltra must be connected to a power source during the update process, either connect it via USB to a computer or to an electrical outlet.
14. Start the upgrade by simultaneously pressing braille keys B7 B8, and display buttons D3 D6. If you correctly press these keys together, the update process will commence. First a row of dots 7 and 8, then a group of 5 braille characters that move from left to right, and then finally VarioUltra will restart and be ready to use.
The VarioUltra update process allows the installation of different components, which are part of the update package. The routine checks which components are already present on the device, and installs only those items that are new. Different progress bars will appear on the braille display during installation steps. Installation typically takes less than 2 minutes.
New with VarioUltra version 1.33, the Update feature under menu item Settings > System > Update allows you to start the update process from within the menu, instead of using the command B7B8D3D6.
Here is how it works:
1. Copy a VarioUltra update file or upgrade file to VarioUltra using the instructions covered in previous sections, 1.11 through 1.13.
2. Navigate to VarioUltra menu Settings > System. The first option in the list is Update.
3. In the Update dialog, you get a list “Update Files”, where the names of the update zip files are shown, followed by a series of numbers. If there is one update file, the numbers will say “1/1”, which stands for file one of one. If you had two update files, you might see “1/2” or “2/2” for one of two and two of two respectively.
4. If more than one file name is shown, move Navistick right or left and select the desired update file. Move down and confirm the “details” button with thumb key B9, or press in on the Navistick.
5. A dialog opens and you are in a multi-line text box “description”. Here you get information about the changes or new features. Use D4D6 to leave this multi-line text box and reach the other controls. With the other controls, you can define if your individual user settings shall remain.
6. Confirm the button “Prepare Selected” to start the update process. First, the zip file is unzipped, and then checked. Both are accompanied by progress information. In case the zip file is damaged, the process stops. If all went well, you get a status message “ready to install”.
7. Confirm the “update now” button with thumb key B9, or press in on the Navistick.
During the installation, you get different progress information. When everything is complete, VarioUltra reboots with the new software version.
Remember to connect VarioUltra to power during the update process; it will not work otherwise.
VarioUltra is a very smart braille display. Unlike other braille devices that limit you to one single connection via Bluetooth or USB, VarioUltra lets you connect simultaneously with up to 5 different devices. VarioUltra was the first braille device in the world to offer multiple device connectivity.
Connecting VarioUltra and up to 5 different devices is possible using 1 x USB and 4 x channels of Bluetooth. Once paired and/or connected, you can switch instantly between devices by pressing and holding down S2, and then tapping a corresponding braille key that is assigned to the device in question. This command instructs the braille display to show information from the chosen device.
** New ** with v1.4: this command can now wake up a paired iOS or Android device, so long as it is in standby mode, and in range of your VarioUltra.
1) S2 plus B1 selects the USB device
2) S2 plus B4 selects Bluetooth channel 1 (bt1)
3) S2 plus B5 selects Bluetooth channel 2 (bt2)
4) S2 plus B6 selects Bluetooth channel 3 (bt3)
5) S2 plus B8 selects Bluetooth channel 4 (bt4)
When toggling between channels, remember to release all buttons after entering a command. If you don’t let go of S2 between selections, it’s likely that nothing will happen.
Additional Commands in Braille Display Mode:
1. S2+B9 (left thumb key): presents a hint message with battery status, time and date. Press the routing button above the first cell to freeze the message. Press any other routing key to clear the message.
2. S2+B2 switches off Bluetooth.
3. S2+B3 opens a list and presents which device is paired and connected to the available Bluetooth channels. Move left and right to get the information.
a. VarioUltra presents the channel and the name of the device.
b. If the name is in parenthesis, it means that the device is paired and assigned to this channel, but not in range and therefore not connected.
With Device Mode set to braille display, insert the micro USB cable into the micro USB port on VarioUltra, and the other end into the USB port of your computer.
Here are some screen reader specific instructions.
An updated JAWS driver version 15.52 is available for VarioUltra. This and other JAWS drivers are available for download from the BAUM USA web site at http://www.baumusa.com/support/jaws-drivers/
If you do not install the JAWS VarioUltra driver, you will not find VarioUltra listed among supported braille displays, and it will not work with JAWS.
To use VarioUltra with JAWS using a USB connection:
1) Install the VarioUltra driver for JAWS.
2) Connect the USB cable to the micro USB port of VarioUltra, and to the standard USB port of your Windows computer.
3) Switch on VarioUltra if you have not already done so. Your computer may acknowledge that a new device has been connected.
4) Open the JAWS menu and go to menu Options > Braille. A dialog window appears labeled Braille Basic Settings.
5) Enter ALT+B to select Add Braille Display. You can also tab through the buttons to find and select it.
6) A new Select Components dialog window appears. Scroll down the long list of supported braille displays to find VarioUltra 20 or VarioUltra 40, or BAUM Universal USB. Press space to check the box for whichever display option you choose, and then press enter to move to the next window.
7) Make sure the output port is set to USB. If you specified more than one braille display you may be prompted with the same question for each display.
8) Next, select your primary device. For our example, we will pick VarioUltra 40. Then select the Finish button.
9) Restart JAWS if prompted to do so. VarioUltra should start working immediately.
VarioUltra works great with Mac computers via Bluetooth. If you have a Mac computer running macOS Sierra, you can also connect to your Mac via USB.
If your Mac computer has macOS Sierra installed, and there are no other braille displays installed, the simple act of switching on VoiceOver, and then connecting VarioUltra is all that is required. It just works.
If you have multiple braille displays connected to your Mac, go to the VoiceOver Utility that is available under System Preferences > Accessibility > VoiceOver, and select the Braille option from the list. From there select Displays and make sure VarioUltra is set as the primary braille display. It should now work.
Note: If your Mac is running an older operating system such as OSX El Capitan, it is only possible to use VarioUltra over a Bluetooth connection.
According to an announcement from GW Micro (AI Squared/VFO Group), the Window-Eyes screen reader is no longer available. Existing users of Window-Eyes are being offered JAWS 18 as a replacement. For complete details, refer to http://www.gwmicro.com/window-eyes/migrate.
Using Window-Eyes with VarioUltra over a USB connection is supported. If you wish to connect via Bluetooth, it is necessary to set VarioUltra’s Bluetooth Emulation mode to VarioConnect.
For VarioUltra to work optimally with Window-Eyes, first download and install the VarioUltra driver for Window-Eyes prior to use. A link to the download can be found on the BAUM USA web site at http://www.baumusa.com/support/windoweyes-screen-reader/.
Save the file to your computer and run the executable to install.
Connecting via USB:
1) Connect VarioUltra to your Windows computer using the supplied USB cable.
2) Open the Device > Braille Display menu within Window-Eyes and select VarioUltra from the list.
3) Select USB as the connection type.
Connecting via Bluetooth:
1) You will have already changed the Bluetooth Emulation mode to VarioConnect, and successfully paired your VarioUltra with your Windows computer.
2) Open the Bluetooth device manager on your Windows computer. You should see VarioConnect in the list of paired devices.
3) Tab or arrow over to VarioConnect and open the Properties dialog to confirm that one of the four serial channels is active. Save and confirm these settings.
4) Open the Properties again and confirm which channel number is being used for the output port of VarioConnect.
5) In Window-Eyes, open Device > Braille Display and select BAUM VarioConnect 24/32/40 from the list.
6) Select the serial output Bluetooth port using the output port number confirmed in step 4.
7) Press the Activate button and confirm the message.
NVDA introduced Bluetooth support for VarioUltra with NVDA 2015.4, and USB support with 2016.1.
Unlike previous versions of NVDA, the newer 2015.4 and 2016.1 releases do not require any changes to the serial port. Configuration is now automatic.
From the NVDA menu, choose Preferences > Braille. In the Braille Display combo box, choose “BAUM/Humanware/APH Braille Displays” and press Enter.
Dolphin released support for VarioUltra in March 2016. At a minimum, you need to be running version 15.03 of Dolphin Screen Reader or Dolphin SuperNova Magnifier and Screen Reader.
1) With your Dolphin software running, connect VarioUltra to your computer using the supplied USB cable.
2) VarioUltra is detected automatically.
We often encounter customers who use the terms pairing and connecting, believing them to mean the same thing. They are different, and it’s important to understand why.
1) When you first get a VarioUltra, it is neither paired or connected with your devices.
2) Pairing is the process of introducing VarioUltra to your device (smartphone, computer, etc.), and vice versa. This process is required so that Bluetooth devices grant permission to each other to connect.
3) Connecting is the process of taking two paired devices – e.g. VarioUltra and your smartphone – and connecting over Bluetooth. It is not possible to connect via Bluetooth with a device that has not been paired.
Once pairing and connected have been done, you can think of it this way:
1) When VarioUltra and your device are in range, they are paired and connected.
2) If you take your device and walk away from VarioUltra, the connection will eventually brake. In this situation, you are paired but not connected.
3) When your device is once again in range of VarioUltra, it should connect again automatically, so long as VarioUltra is switched on.
Bluetooth is off by default when switching on VarioUltra for the first time. Additionally, if you switch off VarioUltra or put it in to suspend mode, Bluetooth will be turned off.
With VarioUltra v1.33 and older versions of VarioUltra software, switching off the device results in Bluetooth being switched off. Bluetooth remains off until you switch it on again, which can be achieved in Braille Display mode by simply selecting a Bluetooth channel (S2+B4, for example), and in Braille Notetaker mode by checking the box in Settings > Bluetooth.
** New ** with v1.4: When Enable Bluetooth Automatically is checked, Bluetooth will always be switched on when you start VarioUltra. This is especially helpful on those occasions when your VarioUltra may have entered suspend mode because of inactivity.
This new feature can be enabled in menu item Settings > Braille Display Mode. Refer to section 10.9.2 for additional information.
VarioUltra can be used via Bluetooth with a variety of different devices. Out of the box, VarioUltra works with:
1) Most Bluetooth equipped Windows computers.
2) Any Mac computer that runs on Max OSX Yosemite or newer. MacOS Sierra is the current version.
3) An iPhone or iPad running iOS 8.3 or newer.
If you’re using older technology, or an Android device, you may need to use the Bluetooth Emulation option in VarioUltra, which disguises VarioUltra as an older BAUM braille display or notetaker.
There are three emulation modes for Bluetooth:
1) VarioUltra: this is the default mode, and works when connecting via Bluetooth to a Windows computer when using COBRA, JAWS, or NVDA, with a Mac computer running OSX Yosemite or El Capitan, and with iOS devices running iOS 8.3 or newer.
2) VarioConnect: use when connecting to an Android device.
3) Pronto: use when connecting to an iOS device with iOS 7 or iOS 8, or when connecting via Bluetooth with a Windows computer for use with the Window-Eyes screen reading software.
It is only possible to select one emulation mode for all connections. This means that if you use emulation mode “VarioUltra” to connect via Bluetooth to a computer, you would not then be able to connect via Bluetooth to another device that requires Pronto or VarioConnect emulation.
Here are the steps needed to change the VarioUltra emulation setting:
1) From the VarioUltra main menu, go to Settings > Braille Display Mode.
2) From the horizontal list of three options that now appears, use the Navistick to move left or right to select the desired emulation mode. When the display shows the desired emulation, tap the left thumb key B9 to confirm and exit back to the Settings menu.
If you use older technology, or an Android device, pairing must always be initiated from VarioUltra.
There is a required order of things when connecting a paired Bluetooth device. If your iPhone is on and your VarioUltra is off, switching on VarioUltra will not result in a connection. If VarioUltra is on, your iPhone is on, but Bluetooth on your iPhone is off, you will not connect successfully either.
If you want a stress-free experience, follow these quick tips:
1) Switch on VarioUltra and make sure Bluetooth is on. You can confirm it’s on by selecting any Bluetooth channel with S2 + B4, B5, B6, or B8.
2) Switch on your other device. Connection should happen almost instantly.
Special note for iPhone or iPad VoiceOver users:
1) Make sure VarioUltra is switched on; make sure Bluetooth is switched on.
2) Make sure VoiceOver is switched on and your iPhone or iPad is at the locked screen.
3) Unlock your iOS device. At this point, VoiceOver will scan for paired Bluetooth devices in range and connect with this. This should happen in 5-8 seconds.
When a device connects via Bluetooth, VarioUltra vibrates to indicate which Bluetooth channel is connected. For example, one vibration for channel 1, two vibrations for channel 2, etc.
** New ** with v1.4: you can now wake up an iOS or Android device from VarioUltra. If the iOS or Android device is in standby mode and within range, from within Braille Display mode on VarioUltra, press the keys to select the assigned Bluetooth channel (S2) and wait 5-8 seconds for your device to be wake up.
1) The Bluetooth pairing was initiated by the iOS or Android device.
2) The pairing was performed with VarioUltra emulation in the default mode, which is VarioUltra. If you have never changed the emulation mode, you should not need to worry about this step.
3) The iOS or Android device is assigned to a Bluetooth channel on VarioUltra.
4) The iOS or Android device is in standby mode, and in range.
and connecting VarioUltra via Bluetooth with a Windows computer may vary by PC
manufacturer and/or the version of Windows you are using. These instructions
are based on our experience using Windows 10 Home Edition with VarioUltra
A new feature with VarioUltra version 1.33 is the ability to initiate pairing from the PC, which is exactly what we describe below.
In VarioUltra Braille Notetaker, enter command B9+D1 to switch to Computer Braille.
Make sure that Bluetooth on both the computer and VarioUltra is set to the on position. On VarioUltra, go to Settings > Bluetooth and confirm that the checkbox is on. On the PC, go to Settings > Devices > Bluetooth, and make sure that Bluetooth is on. Leave VarioUltra in the Bluetooth settings.
After a brief period, your PC should discover VarioUltra and display its name and Bluetooth identifier. For example, our VarioUltra appears as “VarioUltra 40 E25560A9000”. The words “Ready to Pair” appear directly beneath.
Select the VarioUltra from this list and a button with the word “Pair” appears. Select this button and your PC will prompt you to enter the pairing code, which is 1111. Enter this code and then press enter.
VarioUltra will prompt you to accept the pairing from the windows computer. Using Navistick, move down a line, and type 1111 using the B2 key for #1, and then press B9 to confirm.
A confirmation message on your PC will confirm that VarioUltra is now connected. You are now ready to use VarioUltra as a braille display with your screen reading software.
If you plan to use VarioUltra with a screen reader such as JAWS, you will need to know the outgoing COM port range during braille display selection and setup.
From the Settings > Devices > Bluetooth location on your computer, find and select the More Bluetooth Options. This will open a Bluetooth Settings dialog with three tabs: Options, COM Ports, and Hardware. Switch to the COM Ports tab, and you should find a list of eight COM ports: four incoming and four outgoing. Make a note of the outgoing COM ports as you will need to specify one of them during the initial braille display setup in JAWS.
for setting up VarioUltra as a Bluetooth braille display with JAWS follow
You should first download and install the JAWS VarioUltra driver, which is available on the BAUM (USA) web site: http://www.baumusa.com/support/jaws-drivers/. If you don’t install the driver, you will not find VarioUltra listed among supported braille displays, and it will not work with JAWS.
To use VarioUltra with JAWS using a Bluetooth connection:
1) Install the VarioUltra driver for JAWS on your computer, and restart JAWS.
2) Open the JAWS menu and go to menu Options > Braille. A dialog window appears labeled Braille Basic Settings.
3) Enter ALT+B to select Add Braille Display. You can also tab through the buttons to find and select it.
4) A new Select Components dialog window appears. Scroll down the long list of supported braille displays to find VarioUltra 20 or VarioUltra 40. Press space to check the box at whichever display option you choose, and then press enter to move to the next window.
5) Remember the steps covered in the previous section 2.3.2 to confirm outgoing COM port numbers? This is where you need to remember which ports are outgoing, and select any one of them from the list displayed in JAWS. Press enter to confirm your choice.
6) Next, select your primary device. For our example, we will pick VarioUltra 40. Then select the Finish button.
7) Restart JAWS if prompted to do so. VarioUltra should start working immediately when you restart JAWS.
From our experience, we find that setting Braille Mode to Structured, and checking the box to Auto Detect Braille Display Using Bluetooth are worth doing. You can find both settings under JAWS Settings Center > Braille > General.
For this section, we are using an iPhone 6 with iOS 9.3.2 along with a VarioUltra 40 with version 1.33 software.
Although VarioUltra can be paired with iOS devices running iOS 7 or later through iOS 8.2, doing so requires you to change the Bluetooth emulation to VarioConnect or Pronto. The iOS 8.3 and newer versions include support for VarioUltra, which means the Bluetooth emulation mode can be left in the default setting. If applicable, refer to section 2.3 for instructions on changing the emulation mode to use with iOS devices running version 7 through 8.2.
New for VarioUltra version 1.33 is the ability to initiate pairing from your iOS device. Here are the steps you need to follow:
1) In VarioUltra Braille Notetaker, enter command B9+D1 to switch to Computer Braille.
2) Next, go to Settings > Bluetooth. If Bluetooth is off, switch it on now. Do not exit from Bluetooth settings.
3) On your iOS device, go to VoiceOver > Braille settings. Swipe down to the “Choose a Braille Display and find VarioUltra. Once found, double tap on VarioUltra to initiate pairing. Enter the pin code 1111 when prompted to do so by your iOS device.
4) VarioUltra will prompt you to accept the pairing from the iOS device.
Initiating pairing from an iOS device is easier than ever with VarioUltra v1.4 software. We even made a short video that takes you through the different steps: https://youtu.be/ajiunK0WdxE.
Here are the written instructions:
1) Make sure that Bluetooth is on for both VarioUltra and your iOS device.
2) In VarioUltra Braille Notetaker, go to Settings > Bluetooth.
3) On iOS device, go to VoiceOver > Braille Settings. Swipe right/down to ‘Choose a Braille Display’, and located VarioUltra. Double-tap to initiate pairing.
4) The iOS device will prompt you for a pin. Enter 1111, and swipe left/up to double tap on ‘Pair’.
5) On VarioUltra, immediately tap the left thumb key, B9 to accept the pairing.
You’re all done! You may now switch to Braille Display mode on VarioUltra and start using it with your iOS device. Please refer to the Appendix section of this user manual for a list of iOS commands that can be entered from VarioUltra.
If your VarioUltra is not yet updated to version 1.33, or if you simply prefer to initiate Bluetooth pairing from the VarioUltra, here are the old instructions. They work for any iOS device using iOS 8.3 or newer.
1) In VarioUltra Braille Notetaker, enter command B9+D1 to switch to Computer Braille.
2) On your iOS device, go to Settings > Bluetooth, and make sure that Bluetooth is on. Do not exit from Settings > Bluetooth or attempt to do anything else on your iOS device.
3) With VarioUltra switched on and in Braille Notetaker mode, go to Settings > Bluetooth and make sure the Bluetooth checkbox is checked. If dots 1 and 4 are present in cell 6, the box is checked. If the parentheses in cells 5 and 7 are separated by a blank cell, the box is unchecked. If it’s not, tap the Navistick to the right or press the cursor routing button about the empty checkbox to switch Bluetooth on.
4) With Bluetooth on, navigate down a line to the ‘Scan’ option, and select it by tapping the left thumb key, B9, or by pressing any cursor routing button above the word ‘Scan’. This will command VarioUltra to search for Bluetooth devices that are in range.
5) After scanning is complete, you will be presented with a horizontal list of Bluetooth devices. The devices listed will include all Bluetooth devices that are in range, plus Bluetooth devices that may have been previously paired with your VarioUltra.
6) Use the Navistick to move right and left through this list until you find your iOS device. When you do, navigate down a line with the Navistick and choose the ‘Pair’ option to initiate the Bluetooth pairing.
7) Turn your attention back to your iOS device. If the pairing process started, your iOS device should be prompting you to enter the 4-digit pairing code, which is 1111.
8) Enter the code 1111, and if you’re using VoiceOver, swipe left to the Pair button on your iOS device, and select it.
9) VarioUltra will tell you that Bluetooth pairing with your iOS device was successful. Navigate down a line to select ‘OK’, and then switch to Braille Display mode.
10) On your iOS device, go to VoiceOver > Braille settings. If you’re new to VoiceOver on an iOS device, this can be found under Settings > General > Accessibility > VoiceOver.
11) Swipe right until you get to the section, “Choose a Braille Display”. Keep swiping right until you come to VarioUltra. When you get to VarioUltra in this list, you will hear VarioUltra with your serial number and the words “not connected”. double-tap to establish the connection. Your iOS device should confirm that it is connected.
12) When a device connects to VarioUltra, you should feel VarioUltra vibrate to indicate which Bluetooth channel it has connected to. For example, if it connects on channel one, VarioUltra will vibrate one time. It will vibrate twice for channel 2, three times for channel 3, and 4 times for channel 4.
13) Still on VarioUltra, press and hold system key 2 (S2) and then tap braille key 4, 5, 6, or 8 to select the appropriate Bluetooth channel 1, 2, 3, or 4. If your iOS device is connected to channel 2, you would press and hold S2, and then tap B5. The braille display will show BT2 My iPhone, or whatever name your device has.
14) If you would like to revert to contracted braille in VarioUltra Braille Notetaker mode, enter command B9+D2 to switch to contracted braille.
VarioUltra should be working fine with your iOS device at this point. If speech is activated on your iOS device, whatever VoiceOver says will be displayed on the braille display. Please refer to the Appendix section of this user manual for a list of iOS commands that can be entered from VarioUltra.
When you highlight and copy a block of text – up to 10,000 characters – to the clipboard of the VarioUltra Braille Notetaker, you can now switch to Braille Display mode and paste this text into a mobile device running iOS or Android. This feature was first introduced with VarioUltra 1.33 software, and improved with the new version 1.4.
** New ** with v1.4: How this feature works.
feature simulates the key strokes which would be used to perform the character
input of text that is stored on the clipboard in VarioUltra. You can choose
between two different methods of key simulation to transfer your text: Braille
Key Simulation (introduced with VarioUltra software 1.33) or the new HID
Key Simulation (introduced with VarioUltra 1.4 software).
Both methods can be used in parallel. It requires the correct language and device specific HID table for HID key simulation selected in menu Settings > Braille Display mode > Key simulation properties. Compared to the older Braille Key Simulation approach, the text transfer with HID key simulation is faster.
The quick instructions are as follows:
1) From inside a Braille Notetaker application such as the Word Processor, highlight and copy/cut a selection of text up to 10,000 characters.
2) By way of example, highlight the current sentence with command B9+B3B6. Your highlighted sentence will display dot 8 below each braille character.
3) If you make a mistake and wish to cancel the highlighting, enter the cancel command B9+B7B8, or just press the D4 button.
4) Enter command c+B8B9 to copy or x+B8B9 to cut this highlighted text to the clipboard.
5) Switch to Braille Display mode to use your mobile device such as an iPhone.
6) If not already done, activate the Bluetooth channel for the connected device by holding system key S2 and then pressing B4, B5, B6, or B8 for the channel in question.
7) Within a text window of any application on your mobile device, press S2+D1 on VarioUltra to initiate pasting of your copied text.
8) To stop the transfer, press S2+D2.
1) Braille tables need to match on VarioUltra and your mobile device. If you copy contracted text from your VarioUltra, your iPhone needs to be set to contracted braille as well. If not, the braille translation will be affected.
2) The braille language needs to be the same also. If you copy Spanish text from VarioUltra and paste to an iPhone that is programmed for English, errors will occur such as accented characters not translating correctly.
3) The transfer can take some time. In BAUM (USA) tests, sending 5,000 characters took about 7 minutes.
4) While the S2+D2 command will stop the transfer, there is a point when all text has already been sent. All you can do then is to wait until the end.
5) If you copy and paste more than 10,000 characters, only the first 10,000 characters will be sent to your mobile device.
** New ** with v1.4:
1) From inside a Braille Notetaker application such as the Word Processor, highlight and copy/cut a selection of text up to 10,000 characters.
2) By way of example, highlight the current sentence with command B9+B3B6. Your highlighted sentence will display dot 8 below each braille character.
3) If you make a mistake and wish to cancel the highlighting, enter the cancel command B9+B7B8, or just press the D4 button.
4) Enter command c+B8B9 to copy or x+B8B9 to cut this highlighted text to the clipboard.
5) Switch to Braille Display mode to use your mobile device such as an iPhone
6) If not already done, activate the Bluetooth channel for the connected device by holding system key S2 and then pressing B4, B5, B6, or B8 for the channel in question.
7) Within a text window of any application on your mobile device, press S2+D4 on VarioUltra to initiate pasting of your copied text.
8) To stop the transfer, press S2+D5.
1) Bluetooth pairing must be initialized from the other device (iOS / Android). If you initiated pairing in the past from VarioUltra, you will need to remove the pairing information on VarioUltra and pair again, only this time initiate the pairing from your other device.
2) During Bluetooth pairing and when in use, VarioUltra must be in VarioUltra native mode (emulation VarioUltra). This is a default setting so unless you have changed it in the past, you shouldn’t need to worry about this step.
3) With Android: in addition to BrailleBack you must install BRLTTY for Android 5.2 or higher.
4) In menu Settings > Braille Display Mode, option key simulation properties you must select a HID table which matches with your device and language, i.e. Apple_US_.U2H for iPhone.
5) Braille tables need to match on VarioUltra and your mobile device. If you copy contracted text from your VarioUltra, your iPhone needs to be set to contracted braille as well. If not, the braille translation will be affected.
6) The braille language needs to be the same also. If you copy Spanish text from VarioUltra and paste to an iPhone that is programmed for English, errors will occur such as accented characters not translating correctly.
7) The transfer can take some time. Sending 5,000 characters can take about a few minutes, also depending on the type of mobile device.
8) While the S2+D2 command will stop the transfer, there is a point when all text has already been sent. All you can do then is to wait until the end.
9) If you copy and paste more than 10,000 characters, only the first 10,000 characters will be sent to your mobile device.
For this section, we are using a MacBook Pro with macOS Sierra and a VarioUltra 40 with version 1.33 software.
New for VarioUltra version 1.33 is the ability to initiate pairing from your macOS device. Here are the steps you need to follow:
1) In VarioUltra Braille Notetaker, enter command B9+D1 to switch to Computer Braille.
2) Next go to Settings > Bluetooth. If Bluetooth is off, switch it on now. Do not exit from Bluetooth settings.
3) On your Mac, go to VoiceOver > Open VoiceOver Utility > Braille > Displays, and select the + symbol to add a new braille display. Your Mac will open a new window and begin searching for braille displays in range.
4) Once found, select VarioUltra. An Option button will appear beside the name of VarioUltra. Select this button to enter the pairing code 1111.
5) VarioUltra will then prompt you for the same code. Type 1111 using the B2 key for #1. Press B2 four times to enter the code, and tap the left thumb key B9 to accept.
6) To revert to contracted braille, enter command B9+D2.
You’re all done! You may now switch to Braille Display mode on VarioUltra and start using it with your Mac.
If your VarioUltra is not yet updated to version 1.33, or if you simply prefer to initiate Bluetooth pairing from the VarioUltra, here are the old instructions. They work for any Mac running OSX Yosemite or newer.
1) On your Mac computer, go to System Preferences > Bluetooth. Enable Bluetooth if it is turned off. Do not exit from Bluetooth Preferences.
2) With VarioUltra switched on and in Braille Notetaker mode, go to Settings > Bluetooth and make sure the Bluetooth checkbox is checked. If it’s not, tap the Navistick to the right or press the cursor routing button about the empty checkbox to switch Bluetooth on.
3) With Bluetooth on, navigate down a line to the ‘Scan’ option, and select it by tapping the left thumb key, B9, or by pressing any cursor routing button above the word ‘Scan’. This will command VarioUltra to search for Bluetooth devices that are in range.
4) After scanning is complete, you will be presented with a horizontal list of Bluetooth devices. The devices listed will include all Bluetooth devices that are in range, plus Bluetooth devices that may have been previously paired with your VarioUltra.
5) Use the Navistick to move right and left through this list until you find your Mac computer. When you do, navigate down a line with the Navistick and choose the ‘Pair’ option to initiate the Bluetooth pairing.
6) Turn your attention back to your Mac computer. If the pairing process started, your Mac computer should be prompting you to enter the 4-digit pairing code, which is 1111. Enter the code, and then navigate to the Pair button and select it.
7) VarioUltra will tell you that Bluetooth pairing with your Mac was successful. Navigate down a line to select ‘OK’, and then switch to Braille Display mode.
8) On the Mac, go to System Preferences > Accessibility and select the “Open VoiceOver Utility…” button.
9) Select “Braille” inside the VoiceOver Utility dialog by moving your cursor down until you hear VoiceOver announce “Braille” or by hitting hotkey “B”.
10) Under the braille section, switch from the “Layout” tab to the “Displays” tab. To do this, tap the tab key until you hear VoiceOver say “Layout”, at which point cursor to the right to hear “Displays”, and press the space bar to select.
11) Tap the tab key again to enter the braille display table. Tap the tab key again to hear “Add”, and select by hitting the space bar.
12) At this point, your Mac will search for paired devices. When VoiceOver announces that a new line has been added, scroll down with CTRL-OPTION-SHIFT and down arrow on the Mac. When you hear “BAUM VarioUltra”, select the “Select” button to connect.
13) On VarioUltra, Braille Display Mode, press and hold system key 2 (S2) and then tap braille key 4, 5, 6, or 8 to select the appropriate Bluetooth channel 1, 2, 3, or 4. If your Mac device is connected to channel 2, you would press and hold S2, and then tap B5. The braille display will show BT2 My MacBook, or whatever name your computer has.
Your VarioUltra and Mac computer should now be working.
The following instructions assume you have already enabled the Talkback screen reader, and that you have downloaded, installed, and enabled BrailleBack. If not, please refer to the Android Accessibility Help Center at https://support.google.com/accessibility/android/ for instructions. It is very important that BrailleBack be switched on before starting the pairing process.
Make sure that the VarioUltra emulation is set to VarioConnect.
1) On Android, switch on BrailleBack.
2) On Android, go to Settings > Connections > Bluetooth, and make sure that the check box under “My Device” is checked so that the device is visible to VarioUltra and other devices. This will remain active for 2 minutes.
3) On VarioUltra, go to Settings > Bluetooth. Making sure that the Bluetooth checkbox is checked, select the option to scan for devices in range.
4) When VarioUltra displays the results of devices found, locate your phone name and Navistick down one line to select the Pair option.
5) On Android, enter the pair code 1111. When the pairing is successful, BrailleBack should chirp, indicating success.
6) Switch VarioUltra to Braille Display mode to connect with your Android device.
If you prefer to connect VarioUltra natively to an Android device, you can achieve this by following these additional instructions:
1) On Android, go to the BrailleBack screen and turn off BrailleBack.
2) On VarioUltra, change the emulation from VarioConnect back to VarioUltra.
3) On Android, go the BrailleBack screen and turn on BrailleBack.
4) BrailleBack should reconnect to VarioUltra. Best of all, if you’re using a VarioUltra 20, your display will now be formatted for 20 cells instead of 24. Thanks to customer Scott McCormack for his assistance testing this functionality.
** New ** with v1.4: A further option is to install additionally BRLTTY for Android 5.2 or higher. Then you can pair VarioUltra also with VarioUltra emulation. And you can initialize the Bluetooth pairing from the Android device to use HID key simulation, providing you with the option to wake up your Android device from standby mode.
Finally, if you wish to use the braille keyboard of VarioUltra for braille input on the Android device, please enter a character via braille keys and follow the instructions on the Android.
Switching between connected devices on VarioUltra is achieved in Braille Display Mode. Press and hold S2, tap and release the appropriate braille key, and then release S2.
To switch between USB and the four channels of Bluetooth (BT), do the following:
_ USB: S2 + B1
_ BT1: S2 + B4
_ BT2: S2 + B5
_ BT3: S2 + B6
_ BT4: S2 + B8
When switching to the USB channel, the braille display will show USB. When switching to one of the Bluetooth channels, the braille display will show something like, “BT1 My iPhone”, or whatever name your device is recognized as. If you see brackets either side of the device name, it means the device is paired, but not in range.
If Bluetooth was off before attempting to connect with a previously paired device, selecting the device will force Bluetooth to switch on automatically. When this happens a message on the braille display will ask you to wait while Bluetooth is switched on, and then it will display the Bluetooth channel and device name information. It only takes a second or two.
Let’s say that your iPhone is connected on Bluetooth channel 3, but you want it to be on Bluetooth channel 1. It’s easy to change it. For example: a new device is connected to Bluetooth channel 3 (BT3) and you want to assign it to Bluetooth channel 1 (BT1). To change it, follow these short instructions:
Press S2 + B6. VarioUltra shows the channel and the device name.
While the hint message is shown, press B4 for about a second and release. VarioUltra assigns the device to Bluetooth channel 1 (BT1).
Note: If BT1 was holding another device, that device is automatically assigned to BT3. In other words, the channels are swapped.
Our thanks to VarioUltra user Scott McCormack for his contributions to this section.
The assumption is you are somewhat familiar with using Linux, and that you’re comfortable working from the command line.
Braille support under Linux is provided by an application called BRLTTY. Most Linux distributions come with a version of BRLTTY. However, since VarioUltra support was only added in version 5.3 and most distributions come with older versions, it will be necessary to install an updated version of BRLTTY to get VarioUltra to work. For the purposes of this instruction, we are using Ubuntu 14.04, which comes with BRLTTY 5.0. Even the newest Ubuntu 15.10 only comes with 5.2. Most people are probably running older versions of BRLTTY.
Confirming your BRLTTY version. From the command line type:
Note the capital V. This will print out the version number of BRLTTY along with some other information, and then return you to the command line. If you get 'brltty: command not found' you don't have BRLTTY installed at all. This means you can proceed to the download and install steps.
Remove Old Versions. If your distribution came with BRLTTY installed and it isn't version 5.3 or later, you should remove it before installing a new copy. To do this, you will need to use the package management tools included with your distribution to remove the existing copy of BRLTTY. If you are not using a debian based distribution such as Ubuntu, your instructions will vary. Debian/Ubuntu users type:
sudo apt-get remove brltty
You will be prompted for your password and prompted to confirm the removal of BRLTTY and any associated packages. Press enter or type y to proceed and once everything is removed you should be returned to the command prompt. If you try and run BRLTTY now you should get a no such file or directory error, or command not found
Downloading and unpacking BRLTTY source. Now we need to download BRLTTY to our Linux machine. You can access the download page at http://mielke.cc/brltty/download.html (correct as of this writing on April 27, 2016) and you want to download the source file in .tar.gz format. You can download directly from the command line if you have the wget command installed (most distributions have it installed) by entering:
This will download the 5.3.1 source files in .tar.gz format which is the current version as of this writing. Once you have the file downloaded you should have a file called brltty-5.3.1.tar.gz sitting in your directory
To unpack the file, enter:
tar -zxf brltty-5.3.1.tar.gz
Once the file is unpacked you'll be returned to the command line and will now have a new directory called brltty-5.3.1 change into this directory.
Compile and Install. This section comes directly from the BRLTTY manual: http://mielke.cc/brltty/doc/Manual-BRLTTY/English/BRLTTY-3.html#ss3.2
Change into the brltty-5.3.1 directory created earlier. Enter the following commands and wait for each to complete successfully before proceeding to the next.
sudo make install
Each of the preceding commands will generate a lot of output. Examine the last 10 or so lines of output for errors which are usually denoted with multiple * asterisk characters.
Test run. Connect your VarioUltra via the USB cable to your Linux box; a bunch as messages may appear on your console as the VarioUltra is set up. Once the messages stop appearing you may hit enter to redisplay the command prompt.
Now that we have BRLTTY installed, let’s test it. Enter the following to start BRLTTY:
BRLTTY should show a version number, make a ‘bloop’ sound, and your VarioUltra should spring to life. If it does congratulations you now have braille inside a Linux environment.
Killing BRLTTY: You can stop brltty at any time by typing:
sudo killall brltty
Run BRLTTY as a service. Running BRLTTY as a service is useful as it will start automatically on system boot and will start up when a compatible display is connected allowing us to set it and forget it.
The procedure for installing BRLTTY as a service varies depending on the distribution in use. In the build directory there is a directory called 'Autostart' this directory contains startup scripts for various service managers BRLTTY supports.
For Ubuntu 14.04 we use the Upstart system so we want to copy the brltty.conf file from Autostart/Upstart to /etc/init by changing to the Autostart/Upstart directory and typing:
sudo cp brltty.conf /etc/init
now we should be able to start brltty by typing
sudo service brltty start
and stop brltty by typing
sudo service brltty stop
GUI. Want to use your VarioUltra while in the GUI? You can! Just run the orca screen reader while BRLTTY is running. Without orca running your VarioUltra will display 'screen not in text mode' while you are in the GUI.
If for any reason you need to remove your freshly installed BRLTTY, change to the BRLTTY source directory and issue the following command:
sudo make uninstall
Using the VarioUltra braille keyboard in the GUI. It is necessary to have the xbrlapi application installed. As of this writing, we haven’t quite figured out how to compile this from the source. If you have installed the Ubuntu package, it works fine even with the BRLTTY 5.3.1 we have use to make the VarioUltra work. To install it, just issue the following command at the command line:
sudo apt-get install xbrlapi
_ The key maps are not the same as in the text mode, e.g. the left thumb key (B9) is mapped to backspace along with B8. Additionally, all chord commands must be entered with the right thumb key (B0)
_ The braille keyboard will not work on the GUI login screen so a standard keyboard must be used to login.
When connecting to or switching between devices with S2 plus the appropriate braille key, VarioUltra displays a message that contains channel information. The message will say things such as “USB”, “BT1 BAUM iPhone”, etc.
It is possible to suppress these messages if preferred. From the Braille Notetaker mode main menu, go to Settings > Braille Display Mode > Show a message if a device was connected, and uncheck the box. Press B9 to confirm.
By now, you already know that VarioUltra is a very smart braille display. Another benefit of VarioUltra ownership is the Braille Notetaker functionality, which includes a suite of applications including:
1) Word Processor: use this application to create new files and save them as Rich Text Format (RTF) Text (TXT), or one of two braille formats (BRL and BRF). Also, use this application to open Word DOC/DOCX files and PowerPoint PPT/PPTX files.
a) ** New ** with v1.4: you can now open PPS documents (PowerPoint slide show format) inside the word processor app.
2) PDF Viewer: use this application to open and read accessible PDF documents, even ones that are password protected.
3) Excel Viewer: use this application to open and read Excel XLS/XLSX documents. Read by row or column, and open and read any cell comments. You can also switch between worksheets of a workbook.
4) Calculator: whether you need help with a basic calculation or conversion, or need to enter complex scientific equations, this application is for you.
5) Timers: this application includes a variety of timers, a stop watch, and alarms.
6) File Manager: use this application to access the files and folders stored on VarioUltra’s 32GB of internal storage. Also use this application to access files on a connected USB stick.
7) Settings: if there’s a changeable setting for VarioUltra, you’ll find it here. Whether you’re changing braille tables or pairing via Bluetooth with a new device, it’s here.
8) Help: this is where you will find electronic copies of this user guide and the quick reference guide. You will also find the product serial number in the About section. Remember also that context sensitive help is available throughout VarioUltra.
These applications are presented in a vertical list in the Main Menu.
1) If you enter an application and want to return to the Main Menu, make a long press of S3.
2) From within an application, tap and release S3 to enter the Command Menu. This is where you’ll find menus such as File and Edit. A short tap of S3 exits the Command Menu and returns to the application.
3) To move around the menus, tap the outer edges of Navistick to move in the desired direction.
4) As you scroll through the Main Menu, you will find other information in addition to the application name. This includes “MI” (Menu Item) at the beginning of the line, a single letter hotkey, the app name, and the shortcut command for accessing this application from anywhere.
You can select the app or menu item by:
1) Tapping the left thumb key, B9.
2) Pressing a cursor routing button above the application name.
3) Typing the single letter hotkey.
4) Pressing in on the Navistick.
If you’re new to braille notetakers and new to VarioUltra, the stress-free way to start is to work with these menus. There are commands for most things in VarioUltra, but memorizing them should be a gradual thing, not an overnight goal.
Some of the Braille Notetaker applications include Command Menus, which is what we use to refer to menus such as File, or Edit. To access these menus inside an application, tap system key S3. To exit back to the application, tap S3 again.
Some applications do not have command menus. In the case of the PDF Viewer and the Excel Viewer, a file must be open to access command menus.
Command Menus Summary:
1) Word Processor
a) File menu
b) Edit menu
c) Insert menu
d) Navigate menu
e) Tools menu
2) PDF Viewer – must open a file to access command menus
c) Go To
3) Excel Viewer – must open a file to access command menus
a) Math Functions
b) User Constants
a) No command menus
6) File Manager
a) No command menus
a) No command menus
Refer to application chapters for more detail about command menus.
This section provides information about supported braille tables in VarioUltra Braille Notetaker, and instructions for changing or selecting them.
** New ** with v1.4:
With the introduction of version 1.4, VarioUltra now includes support for Unified English Braille (UEB). Note that this first implementation of UEB contains some converting errors when typing UEB inside an RTF document. We continue to work on fixing these known errors.
The system default remains US English Contracted Braille, though you can set UEB as your preferred default if you wish. The user profile settings feature in VarioUltra is used to facilitate this:
1) Pressing system key 1 (S1) and dot 1 (B1) loads the default Profile #1, which provides US English Contracted Braille and Computer Braille tables.
2) Pressing system key 1 (S1) and dot 2 (B2) loads the Profile #2, which provides Unified English Braille (UEB) and Computer Braille tables.
These profiles dictate which braille is used in Braille Notetaker mode.
The Master Switch feature – explained in section 3.4 – allows you to toggle between US English Contracted (Grade 2) and Computer Braille (Default, Profile #1), or
UEB and Computer Braille (Profile #2).
1) To select Computer Braille, hold down B9 and then press display button 1 (D1).
2) If the default Profile #1 is loaded, hold down B9 and press display button 2 (D2) to select US English Contracted Braille.
3) If Profile #2 is loaded, hold down B9 and press display button 2 (D2) to select UEB.
Remember: braille tables do not apply when working with BRF and BRL braille formats.
** New ** with v1.4:
The Master Switch lets you switch quickly between Computer Braille, and either US English Contracted Braille (Grade 2), or UEB. This depends on which profile you have selected. If you have never knowingly changed the profile, then the default US English Contracted Braille is what you have.
1) To select Computer Braille, hold down B9 and then press display button 1 (D1). When selecting this mode, a message will tell you Master Switch is on.
2) If the default Profile #1 is loaded, hold down B9 and press display button 2 (D2) to select US English Contracted Braille. When selecting this mode, a message will tell you Master Switch is off.
3) If Profile #2 is loaded, hold down B9 and press display button 2 (D2) to select UEB. When selecting this mode, a message will tell you Master Switch is off.
You can change either or both the input (typing) and output (reading) braille code. Here are the Instructions:
1) In VarioUltra, go to Settings > Braille > Default Braille Codes.
2) In the dialog, uncheck the “Master Switch” checkbox. This will make the controls for selecting and changing braille codes, visible. To clarify, if the checkbox remains checked, all you will see below “Master Switch” are the options OK and Cancel.
3) With the checkbox unchecked for “Master Switch”, move down the list to “Language” and confirm that English is selected.
4) Move down the list to “Reading Default” and select USA English Contracted Braille, or the newly added Unified English Braille (UEB).
5) Move down the list to “Writing Default” and select USA English Contracted Braille, or the newly added Unified English Braille (UEB).
6) Confirm by pressing B9. Note that all menu items should now be presented in USA English Contracted Braille or UEB, depending on your choices selected in sections 4 and 5.
7) Open Word processor application (hold down system key S1, or access from the main menu). Once inside the word processor, open command menu by tapping system key S3, and go to command menu item Tools > Grade 2 > Settings.
8) In the dialog, uncheck the “Master Switch” checkbox to make the controls for selecting braille codes visible. To clarify, if the checkbox remains checked, all you will see below “Master Switch” is OK and Cancel.
9) Move down the list to “Converter” and select USA English Contracted Braille, or the newly added Unified English Braille (UEB). If you prefer an alternative setting, select it instead.
10) Move down and check the check box “Type in Contracted Braille”.
11) Move down and check the check box “Read in Contracted Braille”.
12) Confirm by pressing B9.
the braille output for the presentation of menu items, system messages, texts
in PDF Viewer, Excel Viewer and doc, docx, rtf, txt, ppt, pptx and pps
files in word processor are set to either USA English Contracted Braille (Grade
2) or the newly added UEB; this depends on your choices made above.
Note that text input in RTF or TXT files must now be made in USA English Contracted Braille or UEB, depending on your selections.
The Default Braille Codes section can be found under Settings > Braille. This is where you will find various options for changing the way you read and type braille with VarioUltra. Menu list items include:
- Master Switch Computer Braille – this is new with version 1.3 software and needs to be unchecked to see other menu options.
- Reading braille code
- Writing braille code
- Text Box / Menus / Messages braille code
- Technical braille message on/off
- Confirm button OK
- Confirm button Cancel
Here are additional details for each of these menu list items:
1) Master Switch Computer Braille. By default, the checkbox is checked. When checked, the only options displayed are OK and Cancel. To view other menu items, uncheck the box by pressing the cursor routing button at cell 6, or tap the right edge of Navistick. The purpose of the Master Switch is to allow quick changing between Computer Braille and another of the available Braille codes, such as English Contracted (grade 2). Refer to the next section 3.1.2 for details on changing the Master Switch settings.
2) The next item to be displayed is the language of the device. By default, all VarioUltra units in the USA are set to English. Unless you speak other languages, this setting should never be changed.
3) The next option governs the braille code used for Reading. The choice of braille code here will be used inside menus, dialog boxes, messages, and in PDF and Excel documents. When the language is set to English, the codes displayed here include:
a) USA English Uncontracted Braille, 1 of 5
b) USA English Contracted Braille, 2 of 5
c) UEB Grade 2, 3 of 5
d) UEB Grade 1, 4 of 5
e) Computer Braille, 5 of 5
4) When you see the preferred braille code, tap the left thumb key B9 to confirm and exit back to the Braille sub-menu, or move the Navistick down to the next option.
5) The next option is for the braille code to use for Writing. This code will be expected whenever you type inside dialog boxes and editable documents such as RTF, TXT, and BRF. When the language is set to English, the default code is USA Computer Braille, 1 of 3. Use the Navistick to move right for USA English Contracted Braille, 2 of 3, or USA English Uncontracted, 3 of 3.
6) When you see the preferred braille code, tap the left thumb key B9 to confirm and exit back to the Braille sub-menu, or move the Navistick down to the next option.
7) Text Box / Menus / Messages braille code is a checkbox option. When checked, this option ensures that text boxes, menu items, and messages are displayed using the same braille code as the Reading braille code specified above. It is checked on by default. If you uncheck this option, VarioUltra will display all text boxes, menu items, and messages in Computer braille.
8) Computer braille message on/off is a checkbox. When checked, VarioUltra will display a hint message whenever technical braille is displayed. Uncheck the box if you do not want to see such hint messages.
9) Confirm button OK. Tapping the left thumb key B9 or pressing a cursor routing button above the word OK will accept all changes and return to the Braille sub-menu.
10) Confirm button CANCEL. Tapping the left thumb key B9 or pressing a cursor routing button above the word CANCEL will cancel all changes and return to the Braille sub-menu.
When you select the Braille Ready Format (BRF) for your document, VarioUltra enters a “What You Braille is What You Get” mode. Essentially, no conversion is made in this mode so you can type however you prefer, whether that be grade 1, grade 2, computer braille, some combination of them all, or in a shorthand braille code you invented for yourself.
By default, the text that appears inside text boxes, messages, dialog boxes and menus is displayed using the same braille code that you use for reading. If you would prefer that this information be displayed in computer braille instead, you will need to uncheck the box for “Display text of text boxes”. Alternatively, just use the Master Switch Computer Braille to activate computer braille input with B9+D1.
In addition to previously described methods for opening the Word Processor from the Main Menu, you can also enter the shortcut command w+B9B7B8. Since it’s the most used application, the Word Processor can also be opened from anywhere in the Braille Notetaker by a long press of S1.
The Word Processor application can be used with:
_ Word DOC and DOCX files. These can be read and edited. If edited, files need to be saved as RTF.
_ PowerPoint PPT and PPTX files. These files are read only and cannot be edited.
_ ** New ** with v1.4: PowerPoint Show PPC and PPSX files.
_ Rich Text Format (RTF) files. This type of document can be read, edited, and created.
_ Text (TXT) files. This type of document can be read, edited, and created.
_ Read or create BRF braille documents.
_ Read BRL documents.
The factory default file format is BRF, which is a braille file. With BRF files, you can freely type whatever you want, regardless of accuracy and regardless of braille code. It can even be Unified English Braille (UEB). If there are no other opened documents and/or this is your first time using the Word Processor application, the application opens a new blank document, with the cursor at the first braille cell.
Things to remember:
_ Align the palms of your hands in the direction of the front corners of VarioUltra. When you do this, your fingers should align perfectly with VarioUltra’s ergonomic keyboard.
_ For space, use the right thumb key, B0.
_ For backspace, press B7.
_ For return, press B8.
_ To move the cursor, use the Navistick, or press a cursor routing button above the character where you wish to place the cursor.
_ To move backwards or forwards through your document, press D2 to advance backwards, and press D5 to advance forwards.
_ New text is always inserted at the current cursor position. To ensure that your cursor is at the end of text, enter command B9+B4B5B6.
_ So long as the document is not read-only, it’s possible to set the input mode to “Append”. This means text is always inserted at the end of the document, regardless of the cursor location. Find this setting under Tools > Input Mode > Set Append Mode.
As previously mentioned, pressing D2 and D5 within a document will move the display backwards and forwards through a document. There are other options for moving around a document. Note that in most cases, the command to move backwards is the mirror image of moving forwards. Example: moving to the beginning of your file is achieved with command B9 + B1B2B3. The mirror image of this command is B9+B4B5B6, which is the command to move to the end of your file.
Here then are some other commonly used navigation commands. As a reminder, B9 is the left thumb key; B0 is the right thumb key.
_ Move to beginning of file: B9+B1B2B3
_ Move to end of file: B9+B4B5B6
_ Move the display left: D2
_ Move the display right: D5
_ Next Character: command B9+B4 or Navistick right
_ Previous Character: command B9+B1 or Navistick left
_ Next Word: command B9+B5
_ Previous Word: command B9+B2
_ Next Sentence: command B9+B6
_ Previous Sentence: command B9+B3
_ Next Line: command B9+B4B5 or display key D3 or Navistick down
_ Previous Line: command B9+B1B2 or display key D1 or Navistick up
_ Beginning of Line: command B9+B1B2B3B7
_ End of Line: command B9+B4B5B6B8
_ Next Paragraph: command B9+B4B6
_ Previous Paragraph: command B9+B1B3
_ Next Page: command B9B0+B5B6
_ Previous Page: command B9B0+B2B3
_ Jump to Highlighted Text: k+B9B8
When the cursor is positioned within a word, sentence, or paragraph, a previous command will always move the cursor to the first character of the current unit of text. A subsequent previous command will move back by the chosen unit of text.
New with VarioUltra version 1.33 is the remembering of your last reading position inside documents in the Word Processor. It’s an automatic setting that applies when you close the document prior to shutting down VarioUltra. Otherwise the document will reopen with the cursor at the beginning of the document.
By default, the Word Processor app only displays text-based documents such as RTF and DOC/DOCX files when you choose to open an existing document. To change what type of files you see, follow these additional instructions.
1) From File > Open, press D4+D6.
2) Once inside the list of files, press display buttons D4+D6; the current path will be displayed.
3) Move down one line with Navistick. The display will show “Text Files (*.rtf, *.txt, *.doc, *.docx, &.ppt, *.pptx) 1 of 3”.
4) Scroll right with the Navistick to select either “Braille Files (*.brf, *.brl, *.bru) 2 of 3” or “All Files (*.*) 3 of 3”. You must open a file after making these changes for the setting to remain.
5) Any change you make to the type of files to be displayed will now be remembered by VarioUltra. You will need to repeat these instructions if you change your mind in future.
PowerPoint (PPT and PPTX) are read-only files that cannot be edited. If you wish to edit a PowerPoint document with VarioUltra, open and save as an RTF document. This is a powerful tool for students and anyone else who attend PowerPoint presentations.
Tap S3 to enter or exit from the command menus. The Word Processor application has 5 menus: File, Edit, Insert, Navigate, and Tools. Read on to learn about the content of each of these menus.
The File Menu for Word Processor includes the following options:
_ Save As
_ Protect Text
_ Previous File
_ List Open Files
Additional information and instruction now follows for the File Menu options.
New. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command is n+B9B8.
1) New. Once selected, VarioUltra will prompt you for a file name. The name “document” will be shown. Position the cursor after this name and press B7 to delete it, or just write over it. Remember that you must use uncontracted braille when creating file names.
a) Navistick down one line to change the path, or folder, where the document is to be saved. The default is Flashdisk.
b) The next line down contains a horizontal list of file types. Use Navistick to move left or right through the choices, which include: RTF, TXT, and BRF.
c) Navistick down to find OK or CANCEL. Select OK to accept the document name and settings and return to the new document. Press cancel to abort.
2) Open. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command is o+B9B8.
a) Select this option, and you will find yourself in the Flashdisk internal storage. Use Navistick to move in and out of folders, or to move up and down through lists of files.
b) Find the file you want, and press in on Navistick to open it. You can also tap B9.
c) To cancel, enter command B9B0+B7B8. This will return you to the Word Processor.
3) Close. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command is u+B9B8.
a) To close the current document, choose File > Close from the menu.
b) If your document was modified, you will be asked if you want to save it first. Scroll down with Navistick to answer YES or NO.
c) Your current file will be closed; the current cursor position is automatically saved as reading position when you reopen the document. You are taken back to the word processor. Note that if or when you choose to close the only open file, you will be taken back to a blank document in the word processor after closing the file.
4) Save. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command is s+B9B8.
a) To save the current document, choose File > Save from the menu.
b) When Save is selected, VarioUltra saves the document in the currently selected folder. A message says “File Saved”. It is a good idea to save your documents regularly to avoid rare, unexpected data loss.
c) To change the file name or path, choose the Save As option instead.
5) Save As. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command is a+B9B8.
a) To save as, choose File > Save As from the menu.
b) An edit will appear with the current file name. Delete the old name and type the new name here. Remember: you must use uncontracted braille here to avoid use of any forbidden characters.
c) To change the path or save location, scroll down with the Navistick. You will be taken to a field which presents the path. If the path is ok, scroll down with Navistick.
d) To change the path, select the Browse button. This will open a new dialog where you can select the desired folder.
e) The next line down lets you change the file type. Select from the list of file types, moving left or right with the Navistick.
f) Confirm with OK, or press B9B0+B7B8 to cancel.
6) Protect/Unprotect Text. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command z+B9B8.
a) This menu option is a toggle.
b) If the menu option says Protect, it means your document is editable.
c) If the menu option says Unprotect, it means your document is Read Only.
7) Previous File. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command -+B9B8.
a) To move to the previous opened document, go to File >Previous File.
b) When selected, VarioUltra switches to the last opened document you were working with.
8) List Open Files. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command l+B9B8.
a) To list all currently open documents, go to Fil > List Open Files.
b) When selected, a horizontal list of all documents is shown.
c) Use the Navistick to move left or right among the list of open documents.
d) When you get to the file you wish to use, tap B9. You will then be returned to this open document in the Word Processor.
The Edit Menu for Word Processor includes the following options:
_ Mark Block Start/End
_ Highlight All
_ Find Next
_ Set Bookmark
_ Jump to Bookmark
Additional information and instruction now follows for the Edit Menu options.
1) Cut. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command x+B9B8.
a) Highlight the text you wish to cut.
b) Go to Edit > Cut to remove the highlighted text and place it on the clipboard.
2) Copy. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command c+B9B8.
a) Highlight the text you wish to copy.
b) Go to Edit > Copy to copy the highlighted text to the clipboard.
3) Paste. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command v+B9B8.
a) Position the cursor at the desired location within a document, or within a text box in VarioUltra.
b) Go to Edit > Paste to copy contents of the clipboard at the cursor position.
4) Delete. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command B9+B7.
a) Highlight the text you wish to delete.
b) Go to Edit > Delete to delete the highlighted text.
5) Mark Block Start/End. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command B9+B1B4.
a) Before you can copy or cut or delete text, you need to highlight it. Use this feature to mark the beginning and end positions for highlighting.
b) Position the cursor at the beginning of text that is to be highlighted. Go to Edit > Mark Block Start/End to mark the beginning position.
c) Position the cursor at the end of text that is to be highlighted. Go to Edit > Mark Block Start/End to mark the end position.
d) You’re now ready to cut, copy, or delete the highlighted text.
6) Highlight All. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command %+B9B8.
a) Go to Edit > Highlight All to highlight all text in the current open document.
b) To cancel the selection, enter command B9B0+B7B8.
c) Otherwise, you’re now ready to cut, copy, or delete the highlighted text.
7) Find. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command ?+B9B8.
a) Go to Edit > Find to open search text window.
b) Enter the word or string of characters that you wish to find, and tap B9.
c) You will be returned to the document at the first instance of the word or text string. The cursor will be position on the first letter of the found text.
d) If you repeat the exercise, VarioUltra will take you to the next occurrence of the search string, if one exists.
8) Find Next. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command 3+B9B8.
a) Go to Edit > Find Next to search the previous search entry.
9) Replace. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command h+B9B8.
a) Go to Edit > Replace to search for a chosen word or string of characters.
b) Scroll down a line with Navistick to check the box, or not, to Match Case.
c) Scroll down a line with Navistick to check the box, or not, to search for Whole Words Only.
d) Scroll down a line with Navistick to check the box, or not, to search backwards.
e) Scroll down a line with Navistick to check the box, or not, to Replace.
f) Scroll down a line with Navistick to type the word or character string to replace with.
g) Scroll down a line with Navistick to choose OK, or CANCEL.
10) Set Bookmark. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command =+B9B8.
a) Position the cursor where you would like to set a bookmark.
b) Go to Edit > Set Bookmark.
11) Jump to Bookmark. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command m+B9B8.
a) From anywhere within an open document that contains a bookmark, go to Edit > Jump to Bookmark.
b) VarioUltra takes you to the saved bookmark position.
Highlighting is used to select or mark specific blocks of text for further editing. It’s a prerequisite for many of the editing functions explained in this manual, such as copying or cutting text to the clipboard.
You can choose to highlight by character, word, sentence, line, paragraph, page, all text in the document, or just specific chunks of text. The commands to highlight each of these units of text follow below.
1) Highlight current character: B9+B1B4
2) Highlight current word: B9+B2B5
3) Highlight current sentence: B9+B3B6
4) Highlight current line: B9+B1B2B4B5
5) Highlight current paragraph: B9+B1B3B4B6
6) Highlight current page (assuming there are page breaks in the document): B9+B2B3B5B6
7) Highlight the entire document:
a) The first option is to go the command menu and then select menu item “Edit/Highlight all”.
b) The second option is to use the command B9 with B3B4B6B8
8) Highlight a specific block of text:
a) Place the cursor on the first character of the block, and select command menu item “Edit/Highlight beginning/end of block”.
b) Place the cursor on the last character of the block, and select command menu item “Edit/Highlight beginning/end of block”.
c) The shortcut B9+B1B4 will also highlight the beginning or end of a block.
d) Inside the file manager, you can highlight a file or folder by moving to it in the file and folder list, and pressing B0, the right thumb key.
Note: Highlighted blocks remain highlighted until another highlighting command is executed or the Cancel command B9+B7B8, or display button D4 is pressed. Moving the cursor through the text will not remove the highlighting. Highlighted text blocks will be indicated on the braille display by dot 8 below each character.
The insert menu includes a variety of things you can add to a document, including the following:
o New Line
o New Paragraph
o New Page
Additional information and instruction now follows for the Insert Menu options.
1) New Line. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command B9+B4B5B8. Inserts a new blank line at the cursor position in your document. Accessible in the menus at Insert > New Line.
2) New Paragraph. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command B9+B4B6B8. Inserts a new paragraph at the cursor position in your document. Accessible in the menus at Insert > New Paragraph.
3) New Page. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command B9+B5B6B8. Inserts a new page at the cursor position in your document. Accessible in the menus at Insert > New Page.
4) Date. To avoid the menu in future, enter shortcut command 5+B9B8. Inserts the system date at the cursor position in your document. Accessible in the menus at Insert > Date.
The Navigate menu provides some additional options for moving around a document. The Navigate menu includes the following items:
- Sentence Left
- Sentence Right
- Jump to Highlighted Text
These options are also listed in Section 4.2 Navigating Within a Document.
Sentence Left and Sentence Right have the same result as Previous and Next Sentence. Jump to Highlighted Text meanwhile, does just that. If you highlight some text within a document, choose the Edit > Navigate > Jump to Highlighted Text option, or enter command k+B9B8.
The Tools menu includes the following items:
o Braille and Display Options
o Word Wrap On/Off
o Show Formatting Characters
o Follow Cursor During Continuous Reading
o Use Soft Line Breaks
o Grade 2
o Contract File
o Decontract File
o Braille Document Settings
o Strip Formatting When Opening a BRF File
o Add Formatting When Saving a BRF File
o Braille Converter
o Allow 8-Dots for Input (Support for BRU files only)
o Position in Text
o Input Mode
o Overwrite Mode
o Append Mode
Additional information about the Tools menu items now follows:
1) Braille and Display Options
a) Word Wrap On/Off. When checked, Word Wrap is on and words will not be split at the end of the braille display. When unchecked, words will be split.
b) Show Formatting Characters. When checked, VarioUltra will display formatting characters such as line break, paragraph, etc. If unchecked, formatting characters will be replaced by spaces.
c) Follow Cursor During Continuous Reading. When checked, the braille display will follow the cursor during continuous reading. Uncheck the box and the braille display will not move to the cursor position until continuous reading is interrupted.
d) Use Soft Line Breaks. This option lets you set artificial line breaks in the text, avoiding the need to move left or right on long lines. If you set soft line breaks to the length of your braille display, you need only use the next and previous line commands to move through the document.
e) When done making your selections, scroll down to the OK option and select it. Otherwise, select CANCEL to abort your changes.
2) Grade 2
a) Settings. Contains Master Switch settings for Typing and Reading of braille in the word processor. When checked, all braille in the word processor for text-based formats such as DOC, RTF, or PowerPoint, will be displayed using Computer Braille. Uncheck the box and you can specify other braille tables to use.
b) Contract File. You receive an uncontracted braille document that you wish to convert into US English Contracted braille. Use this option to do just that, and the save the document as something else. Long files may take some time to complete.
c) Decontract File. The reverse of Contract, is to Decontract. Simply put, if you have a document presented in US English Contracted Braille or UEB, and you’d like to convert to uncontracted braille, use this feature. Long files may take some time to complete.
3) Braille Document Settings
a) Strip Formatting When Opening a BRF File. Decide whether VarioUltra maintains VRF file information such as characters per line, lines per page, etc., or if the text should be presented without this formatting.
b) Add Formatting When Saving a BRF File. Decide when saving a BRF file whether line breaks and form feeds are entered automatically, based on your values for characters per line, and lines per page.
c) Braille Converter. Choose the desired braille table to be used for braille conversion. Use the Navistick to move left or right through the list of available braille tables.
d) Allow 8-Dots for Input (Support for BRU files only). This option requires that your braille document type is set to BRU instead of BRF. BRF formatted files do not support the entry of 8-dot braille.
4) Position in Text. When selected, provides information about the cursor position in the document in both absolute and percentage terms. Scroll down a line with Navistick to enter a new cursor position and move to that location. You can specify a column, line and page within a document.
5) Input Mode. In Overwrite Mode, text entry occurs at the cursor position. In Append Mode, text entry occurs at the end of the document, no matter where the cursor happens to be in the document.
To exit the Word Processor and return to the main menu, press and hold system key S3.
In addition to previously described methods for opening the PDF viewer from the Main Menu, you can also enter the shortcut command y+B9B7B8 to open this application from anywhere in the Braille Notetaker.
The PDF Viewer application can be used to:
1) Open accessible PDF documents
2) Open password-protected PDF documents, so long as you know the password
3) Copy text from an open PDF document, to the clipboard.
4) Save file content as a Text file (TXT)
Copy-protected PDF files do not allow copying or saving content as a text file.
Many of the command menu items for the PDF Viewer are the same as the Word Processor. Any options unique to the PDF Viewer are covered in this section. Otherwise, please refer to section 4.6 Command Menus, under the Word Processor application chapter.
The first time you use the PDF Viewer application, it presents the content of the internal storage (Flashdisk) for you to select a file to open. Browse through any available files or folders to find the PDF document you wish to access, and tap B9 or press the Navistick to open it.
1) When a PDF file is open, starting the PDF Viewer takes you to this document.
2) Opening a PDF document from within the File Manager will start the PDF Viewer application automatically.
If you are in an open PDF document and wish to open another, you need to access File > Open within the command menu, which you access by tapping S3. In the file and folder dialog that appears, search for and select the desired PDF document. When opening a new PDF document, any previously opened PDF document will be closed automatically.
** New ** with v1.4:
Within the document line breaks, tabulators and other information about the document structure are shown by special braille characters. With the option in menu Tools > Settings > Checkbox Show Formatting, you can hide these characters.
When you attempt to open a password-protected PDF file, VarioUltra will prompt you to enter a password. Enter the password and tap B9 to open the file. If you do not know the password, or enter an incorrect password, VarioUltra will not open the PDF file for you.
The commands for reading in a PDF file are like those used in the Word Processor application. You can move the cursor forwards or backwards through the text by character, word, sentence, line, paragraph, or page. While it is possible to achieve these movements through menu item “Go To”, the quickest and most efficient approach is to enter a shortcut command. In some cases, there is more than one option, such as using the display keys or Navistick button.
Cursor Movement Shortcut List:
1) Next Character: command B9+B4, or Navistick right
2) Previous Character: command B9+B1, or Navistick left
3) Next Word: command B9+B5
4) Previous Word: command B9+B2
5) Next Sentence: command B9+B6
6) Previous Sentence: command B9+B3
7) Next Line: B9+B4B5, or display key D3, or Navistick down
8) Previous Line: B9+B1B2, or display key D1 or Navistick up
9) Next Paragraph: command B9+B4B6
10) Previous Paragraph: command B9+B1B3
11) Next Page: command B9+B5B6
12) Previous Page: command B9+B2B3
When the cursor is positioned within a word, sentence, or paragraph, the command “previous” will always move the cursor to the first character of the current word, sentence, or paragraph. A subsequent “previous” command will move back by the chosen unit of text.
The navigation commands outlined in the previous section are generally all you need for moving within a document. Entering commands B9+B5B6 to move forward one page or B9+B2B3 to move back one page is easy enough. However, for long documents you may find that moving to a specific page is quicker. Here are the short steps to achieve this:
1) Tap S3 to enter the menus and select Go To > Page > Go To Page Number.
2) When the dialog appears, enter the page number you wish to move to, and confirm with OK.
3) When you move to a new page, the reading position cursor will move to the beginning of that page.
If you enter an invalid page number such as a page number that is greater than the maximum page number, an error message will be shown. To obtain information about how many pages there are in a document, enter the menus again and select File > Information.
If the document you are attempting to read contains columns, it’s possible that the reading order will be presented incorrectly. If this happens, the solution is as follows:
Tap S3 to enter the menus and go to Tools > Settings.
Select the Reading Order option and set it to “newspaper”.
With this setting, the PDF Viewer will analyze the text structure and attempt to present it in the correct order. While it works in most cases, there are always exceptions to the rule because of how the PDF document may have been originally created. The default option is to always open new files with the default setting, since this works for most documents.
** New ** with v1.4:
If the text order is not satisfactory, please select another reading order and then reopen the PDF document. Three reading order options are available: Default, Newspaper, and Top-Down.
If the creator of the opened PDF document has defined links or bookmarks, you can navigate to the text position they are pointing to. Note that VarioUltra only supports links that point to somewhere in the current opened document; links to external sources such as a web site or another document are not supported.
Navigate to a link by pressing the left thumb key B9, or by pressing in on the Navistick, the linked function is executed and you leave the reading position.
Here are the instructions necessary to navigate to a link:
1) Tap S3 for the menus, and select Go To > Link > Next Link Previous Link.
2) The linked text is shown and the reading position moves to the link.
3) To execute the link and jump to the assigned text (i.e. margin note), tap the left thumb key B9 or press in on the Navistick.
4) Shortcut D4D6 takes you to the next link, and shortcut D1D3 takes you to the previous link.
Important: The cursor (Reading position) must be positioned exactly on the link. Otherwise you will remain at the current reading position when attempting to activate the link.
If the creator of the opened PDF document has defined links or bookmarks, you can navigate to the text position they are pointing at. Bookmarks flag text positions within the document. Please note that it is not possible to add additional bookmarks from within VarioUltra.
Here are the instructions necessary to navigate to a bookmark.
1) Tap S3 for the menus and select Go To > Bookmarks.
2) Select the desired bookmark from the list, and VarioUltra will take you to that position in the document.
The reading position in VarioUltra is highlighted by a virtual cursor. Tap S3 for the menus and select Tools > Position in Document. This will present document information such as page number, line, and column.
** New ** with v1.4:
Please note that is not possible to save the reading position inside a PDF document. When you close, and reopen a PDF document, you will be placed back at the beginning of the file.
Additional document information can be obtained by accessing command menu item Files > Information. For example, you can learn about bookmarks, and find out whether the document is copy protected.
For PDF documents that are not copy protected, it is quick and easy to save the document as a text file (TXT). To do so, tap S3 for the menus and select File > Save as text file. Like the save function in the word processor app, a dialog opens where you can enter the file name and specify the save location.
Note: copy protected PDF files cannot be edited or saved as a text file.
As an alternative to saving an entire PDF file as a text file, VarioUltra lets you highlight and select a section of text to copy to the clipboard. The copied text can then be pasted into another document.
you can go through command menu options for highlighting and copying, the
quicker approach is to use shortcut commands.
1) To mark the beginning and end points of a block of text, first position your cursor at the desired start position and enter shortcut command B9+B2B3B5 to confirm.
2) Next, position your cursor at the desired end-position, and again enter shortcut command B9+B2B3B5 to confirm.
3) Copy the text block to the clipboard with shortcut command c+B8B9.
4) Insert your copied text into another document with shortcut command v+B8B9.
Note: it is not possible to edit or copy text from copy protected PDF files.
With the find feature it is possible to search for characters, words, or parts of text within an opened document. Once found, it is possible to set the reading position to the location.
Here are the instructions for the Find feature:
1) Open the command menu with S3 and select menu item Find > Find new.
2) A text box appears where you can enter your search string. If case sensitivity is necessary, check the option Match Capitals.
3) Select the Search Now option to start. VarioUltra will search from the current reading position to the end of the document.
4) If the search string is not found, a corresponding message will be displayed. Confirm with OK.
5) If the search string is found, a corresponding message will be displayed. Confirm with OK to change the reading position to this search position.
6) To find the next occurrence, use shortcut: 3+B8B9.
To exit the PDF Viewer, select command menu item File > Exit PDF Viewer. Another way to exit to the Main Menu is to simply press and hold system key S3.
In addition to previously described methods for opening the Excel Viewer (formerly the Excel Viewer) from the Main Menu, you can also enter the shortcut command x+B9B7B8 to open this application from anywhere in the Braille Notetaker.
The Excel Viewer can be used to:
1) Open and read Excel XLS and XLSX documents
2) Copy text from an open document, to the clipboard.
3) Save file content as a Text file (TXT)
Many of the command menu items for the Excel Viewer are the same as the Word Processor. Any options unique to the Excel Viewer are covered in this section. Otherwise, please refer to section 4.4 Command Menus, under the Word Processor application chapter.
The first time you use the Excel Viewer application, it presents the content of the internal storage (Flashdisk) for you to select a file to open. Browse through any available files or folders to find the XLS or XLSX document you wish to access, and tap B9 or press the Navistick to open it.
1) When an XLS or XLSX file is open, starting the Excel Viewer takes you to this document.
2) Opening an XLS or XLSX document from within the File Manager will start the Excel Viewer application automatically.
3) When you open a password protected XLS or XLSX file, you will be prompted to enter the password. An incorrectly entered password will result in an error message.
4) There may be times when cell content is not displayed properly. This can be especially true if the cells have complex formulas or are linked to other cells.
If you are in an open XLS or XLSX document and wish to open another, you need to tap S3 for the menus, and select File > Open. In the file and folder dialog that appears, search for and select the desired XLS or XLSX document. When opening a new document, any previously opened document will be closed automatically.
Saving an Excel document as a text file (TXT) is simple. Tap S3 for the menus and select File > Save as Text File. Like the save function in the word processor app, a dialog prompts you to enter the file name and specify the save location. Confirm with the Save option and the content of your Excel file will be saved in TXT format.
1) A semicolon is used to separate the content of each cell on a given row.
2) Each row is placed on a separate line.
3) If the Excel document has multiple sheets, the content of all sheets will be saved in the new text file.
4) Each sheet is represented as a new paragraph in the new text file.
To copy the content of an individual cell on to the clipboard, make sure you are in the cell you wish to copy and use the global copy command, c+B8B9. You can then paste the contents of the clipboard into a document in the word processor using the paste command, v+B8B9.
To obtain information about the currently opened Excel document, open the command menu (S3) and select menu item File > Information.
VarioUltra can tell you the following information about your file:
1) File name and path.
2) The number of worksheets.
3) Name of the worksheet.
4) Cell coordinates that have content on the current worksheet.
Reading content in the Excel Viewer is possible by cell, by row, or by column. By default, when you open an Excel file the Excel Viewer displays the content of the first cell (A1) of the active worksheet. A variety of navigation commands are used to read the content of individual cells, or the content of all cells on a given row or column. There are additional options that will result in row and column information being included as a heading when reading cell by cell.
Reading content cell by cell is achieved by moving the Navistick left and right along a row, or up and down within a column.
When opening an Excel file for the first time, the VarioUltra reading cursor will default to cell A1. Using the Navistick, move one cell to the right and the braille display will present the content and the cell coordinate, which should now read B1. Moving one cell to the left will return you to cell A1. In a similar way, using the Navistick to move down one cell within the column will take you to cell A2. The braille display will display content for this cell, along with the cell coordinate.
If you wish to move to a specific cell coordinate within the current worksheet, enter command g+B8B9, and a dialog will prompt you to enter the cell coordinate. Tap B9 and VarioUltra will go to this cell coordinate. This option can also be found in the command menu under menu item Navigation > Cell.
Note: In the command menu item Tools, you can adjust additional settings for the Excel Viewer, and obtain additional information about the current cell such as the row and column number, and any cell comment if one exists.
When reading by row, VarioUltra will display the content of all cells on that row. You can use the Navistick or D2 and D5 buttons to move left and right along the row. There are shortcut commands for moving the display up and down by row, and moving to the first or last row.
If you wish to move the display to a specific row in the worksheet, use the command g+B8B9. In addition to the shortcut commands that follow below, you can find navigation commands in the command menu under menu item Navigation > Row.
Next row (down): B4B5 or D3
Previous row (up): B1B2 or D1
First row: B1B2B3 or D1D4
Last row: B4B5B6 or D3D6
The braille display shows the coordinates of the cells in the row, i.e. A1 – D1. The contents of the single cells stand side by side in one line and are separated by vertical line. Use the Navistick or D2 and D5 buttons to scroll along the row.
With the general copy command c+B8B9, you can copy the current row to the clipboard.
When reading by column, VarioUltra will display the content of all cells in that column. Cells are displayed horizontally and are separated with the underline symbol. You can use the Navistick or D2 and D5 buttons to move left and right within the column. There are shortcut commands for moving the display left and right by column, and moving to the first or last column.
If you wish to move the display to a specific column in the worksheet, use the command g+B8B9 as outlined in the Reading by Cell section to move to a cell in that column. In addition to the shortcut commands that follow below, you can find navigation commands in the command menu under menu item Navigation > Column.
Next column (right): B5
Previous column (left): B2
First column: B1B2B3B7
Last column: B4B5B6B8
The braille display shows the coordinates of the cells of the column, i.e. A1 – A6. The contents of the single cells stand side by side in one line and are separated by underline. Use the scroll functions as explained in section 6.8 to read cell by cell.
With the general copy command c+B8B9, you can copy the current column to the clipboard.
Some Excel files have more than one worksheet. To read cells, rows, or columns of cells within a given worksheet, you must first move to it. You can move to the next or previous sheet, or you can open the dialog “Go to Sheet” with b+B8B9, where you can select the name of the desired sheet. The navigation commands can also be found under menu item Navigation > Sheet in the command menu.
Next sheet: B5B6
Previous sheet: B2B3
When you first move within the opened Excel file between worksheets the Excel Viewer presents the first cell (A1) of each sheet. If you have switched to a worksheet and moved to another cell position (e.g. A10), returning to this worksheet in future will return to the last presented cell of the sheet.
With the find option, you can search for text or parts of text in the cell content.
You can determine whether the text is searched for only within the cells of the current worksheet, or within all worksheets in the currently opened Excel file. With another option, you can determine whether the search mode should search by row or column. With the by-row option, the search string is searched within the sheet from top to bottom. With the by-column option, the search string is searched from left to right.
To get started, open the command menu with a brief press of the system key S3, and then select menu item Find > Find New, which opens a dialog. Enter the search string, and then specify the search mode to begin the search. Assuming the search string is found, the cursor will move to the appropriate cell position and display the cell coordinates and content on the braille display.
It is also possible to “Find next”. This can be found in the command menu, under menu option Find > Find next. You can also use the shortcut command, 3+B8B9 (number 3 with B8B9), or use display buttons D1D4D6. This will repeat the search within the sheet per the search mode specified earlier.
You can assign the cell contents of a row to become headings of the columns.
In the sheet move to the row or to one cell of the row, in which the cells contain the entries you want to define as column headings. Open command menu and select the menu item “Tools > Set current row as column heading”.
The result is, that in future you get this column heading in addition to the cell content and the cell coordinates. This additional information is set in brackets.
You can assign the cell contents of a column to become headings of the rows.
Move to the column or to one cell of the column in which the cells contain the entries you want to define as row headings. Open the command menu and select the menu item Tools > Set current column as row heading. In future, these assigned row titles will appear in addition to the cell content and the cell coordinates. This additional information is set in brackets.
If you define another row as column headings, this replaces the former column heading definition. If you define another column as row heading this replaces the former row heading definition.
If you want to delete all headings in the current sheet, open the command menu and select menu item Tools > Clear current sheet headings. Headings that you have defined in other worksheets of the Excel file are not affected by this command and remain unchanged.
The Excel Viewer application saves the heading information for up to 1,000 sheets in a database called ssviewer.sdf, which can be found in the USER folder. This ensures that the assigned headings are not lost when you open the Excel file again in future.
The cells of Excel files can on occasion have a cell comment. While this comment is not presented along with regular cell content, you do have access to it. To get it, open the command menu and select the menu item Tools > Show current cell comment. Alternatively, use the shortcut command m+B8B9 to read the cell comment.
Since reading cell comments requires an extra command, it is important to know whether a cell has a comment to begin with. To get this additional information while browsing through the sheet cell by cell, do the following:
1) Open the command menu and select the menu item Tools > Settings.
2) Activate the check box “Display notification for cell comments”
3) On the braille display, an asterisk (*) will appear in front of the cell coordinate to indicate when a cell has comment.
To exit the Excel Viewer, select command menu item File > Exit Excel Viewer. Another way to exit to the Main Menu is to just press and hold system key S3.
In addition to previously described methods for opening the Calculator from the Main Menu, you can also enter the shortcut command c+B9B7B8 to open this application from anywhere in the Braille Notetaker.
General information about the Calculator application:
1) Simple and scientific calculations can be performed.
2) Always use Computer Braille.
a) ** New ** with v1.4: The calculation line only supports computer braille input, even when you have switched to a contracted braille.
3) Input figures and symbols and then press B8, or type the equals sign. The calculation and result will be shown on the braille display.
4) To delete the previous calculation and carry out a new one, open the menus by tapping S3 and select Edit > Clear Calculator Line. Alternatively, use shortcut command e+B9.
5) When you open the calculator, the display will show either the last-performed calculation, or a blank field containing “0”.
6) Numbers and operators are input directly.
7) Decimals can be input either with a decimal point (default) or a comma. The comma can be set as a user specific setting within menu item, Tools > Options > Comma Instead of Decimal Point.
As with other VarioUltra applications, options can be found in the Command Menu or via shortcut commands. Advanced mathematical (scientific) functions can also be accessed in this manner, and are addressed later in this chapter.
Tap S3 to access the command menus for the Calculator. There are six menus in total, containing the following options:
1. Basic Functions menu
2. Advanced menu
b. Square Root
e. Natural Logarithm
f. Logarithm to Base 10 Log
3. Expressions menu
c. Bracket Open
d. Bracket Close
4. Execute Calculation menu
Note that all numbers and operators must be entered using Computer Braille. A list of common symbols and numbers 1-9 are shown below with their respective braille codes.
+ (plus) symbol: B3B4B6
- (minus) symbol: B3B6
* (multiply) symbol: B1B6
/ (divide) symbol: B4B3
. (Decimal point) symbol: B4B6
= (equals) symbol: B1B2B3B4B5B6
( (open parenthesis) symbol: B1B2B3B5B6
) (close parenthesis) symbol: B2B3B4B5B6
Input your calculation in the line displayed and press B8 or the “equals sign”. The equals sign will be inserted and the calculation and its result will be displayed after it.
1. The result can be used as the basis for another calculation with the appropriate operator.
2. If a new value is to be entered, the previous result will be overwritten.
3. If an error occurs, a corresponding message will appear on the display.
4. The previous 10 calculations are automatically saved in the Results list (Calculations list) – use the Navistick up / down or D1 / D3 to go through this list.
5. Remember that shortcut command e+B9 will clear the calculator line.
Correcting errors in a calculation is done in much the same way that text is corrected in the word processor. If you just entered something wrong, just tap B7 to backspace and type again. If you realize the error after entering other information, use cursor routing to move the cursor to that position and amend as required.
1. B7 deletes the character to the left of the cursor.
2. B9B7 deletes the current character.
3. If a character to the left of the = sign is edited, entering B8 or the = sign again will perform the new calculation.
4. If a number is input on the right of the = sign it will appear on a new line.
5. If something other than a number is input to the right of the = sign the result will also appear in the new line.
6. Spaces can be input freely.
7. A negative will be indicated with the - sign; a + sign cannot be used.
8. When a correction has been made, the new result will be calculated and displayed by pressing B8 or the = sign.
It is possible to move within a calculation by moving the cursor with B9+B1 or B9+B4. You can also move left and right with the Navistick.
The previous 10 calculations are kept in the calculations list. Use Navistick up and down or D1 and D3. Previous calculations can be edited to perform further calculations.
New entries are added to the end of the list. Once the list reaches 10 results, the first result will be deleted to make way for the new incoming result.
The following commands are available:
1. Previous calculation: Navistick up, D1, or command menu item View > Calculations list > Previous entry.
2. Next calculation: Navistick down, D3, or command menu item View > Calculations list > Next entry.
3. Last calculation: Command menu item View > Last entry of calculations list
4. Clear calculations list: Shortcut command u+B9, or command menu item Edit > Clear calculations list.
Calculations and equations can be copied to the clipboard using the global command for copy, c+B8B9. You can paste using the global command for paste, v+B8B9. If you use command z+B8B9 instead, just the answer will be copied to the clipboard for subsequent pasting into the word processor.